Osteoarthritis

16:17 - 22 May , 2021

Disease

What is Osteoarthritis?

It is a highly frequent chronic degenerative disease since it is a very common type of arthritis. It causes a progressive wear in the cartilage of various bones, producing severe damage in multiple joints such as the knee, spine, hands, elbows, and hips.  Potential causes and risks: If the wear of the cartilage that prevents friction in joint movement does not stop, the bone will rub directly with other bone, causing intense pain and inflammation of the joint.  Potential risks of osteoarthritis increase with age and gender, it is more likely to suffer from it if you are older and a woman. Other factors are being overweight, family history, and some metabolic diseases.

Symptoms

  • Inflammation.
  • Stiffness.
  • Intense pain.
  • Bone malformations.
  • Squeaks when moving the joints.
These symptoms can be controlled to some extent, but joint damage is irreversible. It is recommended to exercise and stay at your ideal weight to help slow down the disease and its consequences.

Diagnosis and treatment

Your doctor will perform a physical examination of the affected joints to determine the degree of inflammation, stiffness, and pain, in addition to ordering imaging studies such as MRI and X-rays to identify the level of progress of the disease and the joint condition.  In addition to pain killers and anti-inflammatories, your doctor will recommend physical and occupational therapy sessions to teach you new ways to move in your daily activities, so you don't put too much stress on your joints.  In very advanced cases, you may be prescribed surgical treatments such as joint replacement or bone realignment. At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care. We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures: We treat injuries such as:
  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • cigna.com
  • cun.es
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medlineplus.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Domínguez CLG, Domínguez GLG. Rizartrosis. Aten Fam. 2020;27(4):216-218.
  • Benjumea-Carrasco A, López-Fernández J, López-Mombiela F, et al. Resultados del tratamiento de la artrosis glenohumeral primaria mediante hemiartroplastía. Acta Ortop Mex. 2020;34(2):71-76. doi:10.35366/95317. 
  • Viteri TFJ, Muñoz SDA, Rosales PGJ, et al. Osteoartrosis. Una revisión de literatura. Rev Cub de Reu. 2019;21(2):1-8.

						
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