- A stroke occurs when the brain does not receive oxygen and stops working as it should. The affected cells die affecting memory, muscle control, and other motor aspects.
- A stroke can change a person’s life and disable them, therefore, it is important to know more about this event.
- 15 million people a year are victims of stroke worldwide.
There are two types of stroke
Ischemic:it makes up 80% of the cases, being the most common. It is caused by a clot that gets trapped in the blood vessels that go to the brain.
The causes are:
- Fat that accumulates in the arteries.
- A clot or other type of residue that usually originates in the heart and is pumped into the brain bloodstream, becoming trapped in it.
Hemorrhagic stroke: caused by a burst blood vessel in the brain.
It is caused by:
- High blood pressure.
- Excess of blood thinners.
- Aneurysms in the walls of blood vessels.
Any stroke could cause:
- Loss of speech and/or communication skills.
- Decreased memory and spatio-temporal location.
- Loss of the ability to interpret language.
- Deficiency in psychomotor skills, movement, swallowing, etc.
How can I prevent a stroke?
- Staying physically active.
- Monitoring your blood pressure so that it is within control ranges.
- Reduce alcohol consumption and avoid tobacco.
- Eating a healthy diet.
- Regulating your cholesterol.
What signs can I observe as an indicator of a stroke?
Some basic symptoms of a cardiovascular accident are:
- Dizziness or lack of coordination.
- Confusion and trouble speaking.
- Sudden lack of vision.
- Numbness in the limbs only one side of the body.
- Partial facial drooping.
If you detect any of these symptoms, call the emergency room immediately:
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