It is an oncological condition of the bone marrow blood cells that causes the uncontrolled production of abnormal cells that affect the lymphocytes or white blood cells, transforming them into lymphoblasts, which are immature lymphocytes with leukemia. It is one of the most common oncological diseases in infants.
Despite developing rapidly, there are high chances of cure if it is detected and treated promptly, contrary to the case of adults who suffer from it.
The genetic mutation that promotes the appearance of acute lymphocytic leukemia has not been precisely identified and its origin is unknown, but a series of potential risks for developing it have been identified, such as:
- Having received chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
- Being exposed to high radioactive levels.
- Genetic abnormalities such as Down syndrome and others.