ABC Medical Center > Adnexal tumors

What is Adnexal tumors?

18:37 - 5 December , 2023


These are diverse tumor masses, normally benign, that appear in the areas surrounding the uterine organs and tissues, such as:

  • Ovaries.
  • Fallopian tube.
  • Connective tissue material around these organs.

Although they can appear at any age, adnexal tumors arise with some frequency in women of reproductive age, and may be:

  • Neoplastic.
  • Congenital.
  • Physiological.
  • Hemorrhagic.
  • Inflammatory.
  • Obstructive.

Its therapeutic management should be based on the nature of the tumor, its location, size, and the available treatment options, which do not always indicate surgery as the first option.

The most important thing in adnexal tumors is to verify that they are not cancerous since ovarian cancer has a high mortality rate.

Signs and symptoms Adnexal tumors

Generally, adnexal tumors do not have symptoms, but when they do, the following may occur:

  • Inflammation.
  • Pelvic discomfort.
  • Low back pain.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Intestinal alterations.

Diagnosis and treatment Adnexal tumors

As they do not usually cause symptoms, adnexal tumors are usually diagnosed accidentally during routine gynecological examinations. However, if you have symptoms, the doctor will analyze them along with your medical history, and subsequently perform a physical examination and a thorough pelvic examination.

They will also perform a series of tests to rule out other conditions, confirm the diagnosis, and verify they are benign, such as:

  • Blood test.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Computed tomography.
  • Tissue biopsy.

The treatment to follow will depend on the type of tumor, its size, and its location, but generally includes:

  • Observation.
  • Symptoms control (if any).
  • Surgery.

Comprehensive women’s health is our priority at the Women’s Center, so we offer services focused on women in all their chronological stages with the highest standards of care to improve their quality of life, through a wide range of prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and follow-up services.


  • Ramírez-López P, Pérez-López JC, Mandujano-Álvarez GJ, et al. Quiste gigante de Naboth como diagnóstico diferencial de los tumores anexiales. Case report. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2020;88(02):118-122.
  • Florat GD, Marrero CY, Rodríguez VKM. Siringomas vulvares. Presentación de un caso. Dermatología Cosmética, Médica y Quirúrgica. 2019;17(4):275-278.
  • González-Burgos OM, Álvarez-Licona NE, Lever-Rosas CD. Comparación de tres índices ecográficos para evaluación del riesgo de malignidad de los tumores anexiales. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2018;86(08):519-529.
  • Rodríguez SS, Ciancio RM, Cabo H. Estudio dermatoscópico de los siringomas periorbitarios. Med Cutan Iber Lat Am. 2015;43(2):132-135.

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