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Autism spectrum disorder

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Autism spectrum disorder?

It is a condition linked to brain formation that distorts how the patient sees others and relates to them, causing communication and socialization problems. Autism spectrum disorder encompasses various conditions, such as Asperger's syndrome, autism, and childhood disintegrative disorder, among others. It manifests during the first years of life when the first difficulties or obstacles for the child to socially integrate into school appear. The causes vary because the symptoms and their severity are different in each child, but studies indicate that genetics and certain environmental factors may be involved, as well as: 
  • Premature babies.
  • Males are at higher risk of developing it.
  • Family members who have suffered from it.
  • Other diseases with symptoms similar to those of autism.

Symptoms

The first signs appear in the stages of development when cognitive, language and social problems are manifested, which are characterized by:
  • Lack of cheerful facial expression.
  • Does not imitate sounds and babbling.
  • Inhibited gesture.
  • Lack of oral expression.
  • Language problems.
  • Problems socializing.
  • Indifference.
  • Diminished learning ability.
  • High or average IQ, but with difficulties expressing themselves and socializing.
  • In adolescence, emotional and behavioral problems can get worse.
Some children, as they get older, learn to socialize a little more with other people and control their behavior. Those cases that are not so serious can lead an almost normal life with the support of various therapies. Potential risks: Lack of communication and social interaction can cause the following:
  • Become antisocial
  • Stress episodes.
  • Inability to live independently.
  • Being teased and bullied.
  • Learning problems.
  • Tendency to victimize.

Diagnosis and treatment

If you suspect that your child suffers from autism spectrum disorders, you need to see a specialist for evaluation. Once they analyze the symptoms and clinical history, they will request genetic tests. Even though autism spectrum disorders are chronic in nature, and there is a lack of a specific treatment plan, the primary therapeutic goal is to reduce symptoms and support the child's development and learning as much as possible through the following therapies:
  • Pharmacological.
  • Behavioral.
  • Communication.
  • Educational.
  • Family.
  • Occupational.
  • Physical.
At the Neurological Center, a select group of highly trained and certified doctors in the various neurological specialties are ready to assist you with the quality and warmth that characterizes us.

Fuentes:

  • autismo.org.es
  • nimh.nih.gov
  • healthychildren.org
  • mayocilinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Celis AG, Ochoa MMG. Trastorno del espectro autista (TEA). Rev Fac Med UNAM. 2022;65(1):7-20.
  • Fortoul GTI. El trastorno del espectro autista y la comunicación. Rev Fac Med UNAM. 2022;65(1):3-5.
  • Pérez RMM, Alba PL, Enriquez GC. Dimensiones de la calidad de vida más frecuentemente afectadas en cuidadores primarios de pacientes con trastorno del espectro autista. Acta Med Cent. 2020;14(3):350-356.
  • Fajardo J, Albores-Gallo L, Genis-Mendoza AD, et al. Advanced paternal age as a risk factor for autism spectrum disorder in a Mexican population. Salud Mental. 2020;43(3):113-118.

						
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