Brain tumors

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Brain tumors?

They appear as a consequence of an accelerated development of abnormal cells in the brain and may or may not be cancerous. Some brain tumors may originate in the brain itself, while others may arise somewhere in the body and spread to the brain. They are more common in older adults, but they can appear at any age, regardless of gender. There is no determining cause for the appearance of these tumors, but it is known that patients exposed to radiological treatments and with a family history have a higher risk of developing them.

Symptoms

They vary depending on the volume and brain area where the tumor is located, but the most common are:
  • Seizures.
  • Tiredness, weakness, and drowsiness.
  • Mental and behavioral crises.
  • Problems expressing yourself verbally, listening, and focusing.
  • Morning headaches that progressively become more intense.
  • Visual disturbances and balance.
  • Recurrent nausea and vomiting.

Diagnosis and treatment

If your doctor suspects that you have a brain tumor, he or she will order a neurological examination and imaging tests, such as MRI, CT, lumbar puncture, and biopsy, to help identify the type of tumor and determine if it is cancerous.  The treatment will depend on the brain tumor you have, as well as its volume and location, but surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, or a combination thereof are usually used, accompanied by medications to reduce intracranial pressure. At the Neurological Center, a select group of highly professional and certified doctors in the various neurological specialties are ready to assist you with the quality and warmth that characterizes us. Our mission is to provide you with comprehensive and multidisciplinary care programs for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of nervous system diseases, always focusing our activities on your safety. Nervous system specialties
  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Neurophysiology
  • Neuro-rehabilitation
  • Neuro-pathology
  • Interventional neuro-radiology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Neuro-otology
  • Epilepsy
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Neuroimaging

Fuentes: 

  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cun.es
  • medigraphic.com
  • Lara-Torres HR, Gómez-Campos G, Rosas-Peralta VH. Meningioma maligno y quiste dermoide, dos lesiones de diferente origen en un mismo paciente. A propósito de un caso. Rev Mex Neuroci. 2011;12(2):95-98.
  • Hernández OJ, Olivera FEM, Pillán GA, et al. Radioterapia en pacientes con tumores cerebrales primarios. Hospital ‘V.I. Lenin’, noviembre 2014 – mayo 2017. Mul Med. 2019;23(6):1306-1319.
  • Sierra BEM, León PMQ, Molina EML, et al. Meningiomas intracraneales. Experiencia de dos años en el servicio Neurocirugía de Matanzas. Rev Méd Electrón. 2019;41(6):1-13.
  • Hodelin MEH, Cardona CM, Maynard BGI, et al. Aspectos epidemiológicos, clínicos y quirúrgicos de los tumores cerebrales metastásicos. RIC. 2019;98(4):524-539.

						
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