It is a serious eating disorder that can have fatal consequences since it establishes eating patterns where the patient binges excessive amounts of food and then induces vomit to get rid of the caloric intake of the food and the guilt for a potential weight gain.
Bulimic people are obsessed with their physical appearance, weight, and body composition, so, in addition to inducing vomit, they use various methods to get rid of the large amounts of food they consume, such as uncontrolled intake of laxatives, diuretics, weight loss drugs, and continuous enemas.
These patients’ self-perception is a devalued image with physical defects and overweight that need to be eradicated. Hence, they seek to free themselves from the nutritional contributions of the foods they eat uncontrollably. Bulimia has a higher incidence in adolescents and young women, although it can also occur in other age ranges and in men.
Although the origin of this condition has not been identified, it is known that various factors can cause it and other eating disorders, such as genetic, biological, emotional, psychological, social, and educational issues.