ABC Medical Center > Cardiovascular diseases

What is Cardiovascular diseases?

16:06 - 22 May , 2021


It is a variety of conditions whose main characteristic is to affect the heart muscle. The most common are:

  • Arrhythmias.
  • Atherosclerosis.
  • Heart valve and coronary artery disease.
  • Congenital heart conditions.
  • Infections.

Various heart diseases can be prevented by adopting healthy habits such as proper nutrition and exercising. 

Signs and symptoms Cardiovascular diseases

Each heart disease has different symptoms, but the most frequent are:

  • Chest, back, and arm pain. 
  • Trouble breathing.
  • Dizziness, vomiting, and possible loss of consciousness.

When dealing with serious illnesses, if you notice any of these symptoms, go to the ABC Medical Center Emergency Room. 

Potential risks:

  • High consumption of alcohol and tobacco.
  • Poor nutrition.
  • Overweight and obesity.
  • Hypertension.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Stress.
  • High cholesterol and triglycerides.
  • Diabetes.

Diagnosis and treatment Cardiovascular diseases

In addition to reviewing your medical history and a physical examination, you will be asked for the following tests to detect your cardiovascular disease:

  • X-rays.
  • Blood test.
  • Electrocardiogram and cardiac ultrasound.
  • Stress tests.
  • Computed tomography.
  • MRI.
  • Holter monitor.

Treatment will depend on the type of heart disease you suffer from, but in all cases it is advisable to eat a healthy diet, exercise regularly, avoid risk factors, and monitor your health periodically.

At the Nutrition & Obesity Center we offer you comprehensive care according to your needs to help you have a healthy lifestyle, control your weight, change your body composition, prevent and manage associated diseases, as well as improve your physical and sports performance.

We have specialized schemes for accelerated and sustained weight loss under the supervision of a multidisciplinary team, based on safe and scientifically supported methods.


  • mayoclinic.org
  • cigna.com
  • sos-bariatria.com
  • medlineplus.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Berdú SJ, Chacón PT, Fonseca AA, et al. Factores de riesgo de las enfermedades cardiovasculares en pacientes de 50 años y menos. Mul Med. 2020;24(4):772-7981.
  • Juárez-Herrera y Cairo LA, Juárez MIE, Gómez MCA. El análisis sexo/género en la enseñanza/aprendizaje de la medicina. El caso de las enfermedades cardiovasculares. Inv Ed Med. 2021;10(37):78-87.
  • Bolaños CBD, Ortega ME. Riesgo cardiovascular asociado a menopausia. Revista Médica Sinergia. 2021;6(01):1-12.

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    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.