It is an intense muscle or nerve pain caused by physical activity that can sometimes produce disabling processes in the upper and lower extremities muscles, being more common in young athletes who perform high-impact sports and excessive physical effort.
Chronic exertional compartment syndrome is due to increased pressure in a muscle compartment: if the pressure is too high, blood flow will be impeded, which can cause permanent injury to the muscles and nerves.
The most common causes are:
- Bone fractures.
- Muscle with various bruises.
- Severe sprain.
Tight bandage, cast, or tourniquet that prevents blood circulation.
Compartment syndrome usually occurs most regularly in the lower leg and forearm, although it can also occur in the hands, thighs, feet, and upper arm.