ABC Medical Center > Padecimientos > Cyclothymia (cyclothymic disorder)

Cyclothymia (cyclothymic disorder)

21:53 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Cyclothymia (cyclothymic disorder)?

Cyclothymic disorder or cyclothymia is a mental condition that causes extreme mood swings, so the patient may experience periods of depression or extreme euphoria. It is considered a kind of bipolar disorder, but less serious.

These mood swings can occur suddenly in relatively short periods, and it is important to go to a mental health specialist when the first symptoms appear since if they are not diagnosed and treated promptly, there is a risk that cyclothymia will evolve into bipolar disorder, so the treatment plan usually combines psychotherapy and medication.

Symptoms

There are specific symptoms for the two moods that cause cyclothymia:

Euphoria:

  • Decreased ability to judge.
  • Brainstorm.
  • Irritability.
  • Excess physical activity.
  • Insomnia.
  • Concentration problems.
  • Extreme joy.
  • Great optimism.
  • High self-esteem.
  • High verbal communication.
  • Recklessness.

Depression:

  • Low self-esteem.
  • Sleep disorders.
  • Anxiety.
  • Tiredness.
  • Lack of concentration.
  • Sadness.
  • Hopelessness
  • Crying.
  • Irritability.
  • Apathy.
  • Changes in body weight.
  • Suicide or death thoughts.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination and request blood and urine tests to rule out any underlying physical condition.

Likewise, they will refer you to a mental health specialist who will perform a psychological examination and will ask you to keep a record of your moods to measure the degree of your condition and have the ability to establish whether it is cyclothymia, bipolar disorder, or some other mental condition.

The purpose of the treatment will be to control the symptoms, reduce mood swings, and prevent your condition from evolving into bipolar disorder; mainly through drugs and psychotherapy.

At the Neurological Center, a select group of highly trained and certified doctors in the various neurological specialties are ready to assist you with the quality and warmth that characterizes us.

Nervous system specialties

  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Neurophysiology
  • Neuro-rehabilitation
  • Neuro-pathology
  • Interventional neuro-radiology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Neuro-otology
  • Epilepsy
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Neuroimaging

Fuentes:

  • topdoctors.es
  • cun.es
  • middlesexhealth.org
  • mayocilinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Lozano-Mundo M, Patiño-Trejo J, Ramírez-Palomino JA, et al. Ideación suicida y su relación con síntomas depresivos, desgaste laboral y consumo de sustancias en residentes médicos. Sal Jal. 2022;9(1):28-34.
  • Ramírez VA, Castillo YG, Gil SR. Trastornos del estado de ánimo en estudiantes de artes plásticas de la escuela ¨San Alejandro¨. Revista del Hospital Psiquiátrico de La Habana. 2013;10(3):.
  • Díaz-Soto CM, Vélez-Gómez P. Aportes de la conectividad cerebral a la comprensión y el diagnóstico de la enfermedad mental. Rev Neurol Neurocir Psiquiat. 2021;49(1):5-13. doi:10.35366/101749.
  • Granados CJA, Gómez LO, Islas RMI, et al. Depresión, ansiedad y conducta suicida en la formación médica en una universidad en México. Inv Ed Med. 2020;9(35):65-74.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.