Fractures

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Fractures?

It refers to the partial or total breakage of a bone due to an accident, fall, sports injury, loss of bone mass, and osteoporosis. According to the magnitude of the damage, fractures are classified as follows:

  • Simple: break in a section.
  • Complete: break into two sections.
  • Greenstick: break that is divided into two parts. 
  • Comminuted: bone splinters occur or there is multiple break.
  • Exposed: bone fragments break the skin and come out.
  • Not exposed: when the fragments remain inside the skin.

Symptoms

  • Severe pain and swelling
  • Deformation.
  • Numbness and tingling
  • Fever.
  • Bruising and bleeding.
  • Limited or partial movement. 

The accident that causes the fracture not only damages the bone mass, but also usually affects muscular, nervous, and vascular tissue, among others, being factors that need to be addressed in addition to the fracture, complicating your treatment and recovery.

Prevention:

  • Exercising regularly, especially muscle strength exercises.
  • Take calcium and vitamin D.
  • Avoid smoking and drinking alcohol.
  • Stay at your optimal weight.

Diagnosis and treatment

After a physical examination and analysis of your medical history, the orthopedist will request imaging studies such as X-rays, MRI, or computed axial tomography to define the type of fracture and the most appropriate treatment. If the fractured bone has been broken into more than two parts, surgery will be required to insert nails, screws, plates, needles, or other devices to reposition and fix the bone. Subsequently, it is necessary to rest as indicated and wait long enough for the bone to heal, which can range from a few weeks to several months, depending on the severity of the case. 

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:

  • Arthroscopic surgery.
  • Partial and total joint replacement surgery (prostheses).
  • Trauma surgery.
  • Hand surgery. 
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.

We treat injuries such as:

  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.

Fuentes: 

  • mayoclinic.org.
  • stanfordchildrens.org
  • medilineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Alvarez-López A, Fuentes-Véjar R, Soto-Carrasco SR. Fracturas diafisarias del tercio distal de la tibia. AMC. 2020;24(6):910-918.
  • Truffin RY, Pérez MO, López HAL. Tratamiento de una fractura-luxación del tobillo mediante la fijación externa RALCA. Seguimiento de cinco años. Medisur. 2020;18(6):1225-1232.
  • Esparza PJA. Fractura de odontoides: tratamiento, pronóstico y morbimortalidad asociada en un Hospital de Alta Concentración. Ortho-tips. 2021;17(1):18-24. doi:10.35366/99163. 
  • Javier-Tejera A, Sori-Peña JA, Culqui-García JP. Solución práctica para la reparación primaria de fractura abierta de falanges distales de la mano. Informe de caso. Mediciego. 2020;26(3):1-9.

						

Orthopedics and Traumatology Center

La ortopedia y traumatología son una rama de la cirugía dedicada al diagnóstico, tratamiento, rehabilitación y prevención de lesiones y enfermedades que afectan al sistema músculo esquelético

The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.