Gonorrhea

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Gonorrhea?

It is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae, which infects women and men alike, mainly young people. This bacteria can cause infection in the genitals, mouth, or anus, depending on the type of sex performed, while a pregnant woman can transmit it to her baby, who will probably have his or her eyes affected, causing conjunctivitis or even blindness.

Symptoms

Sometimes gonorrhea has no symptoms, but it can affect various parts of the body (skin, heart, or joints), although the discomfort usually occurs in the genital area.

The most common symptoms are: 

In women:

  • Discomfort or pain when urinating.
  • Excessive vaginal discharge.
  • Pain in the abdomen and belly.
  • Abnormal bleeding outside the menstruation period.

If not treated promptly, it can cause pelvic inflammatory disease that leads to infertility and pregnancy disorders. 

In males:

  • Discomfort or pain when urinating.
  • Yellowish viscous liquid secreted by the penis.
  • Swelling and discomfort in the testicles.

It can cause infertility if not treated in time, as well as problems with the prostate and testicles. 

Potential risks:

  • Having a new sexual partner.
  • Having a sexual partner who has sex with several other people.
  • Having more than one sexual partner.
  • Having had a sexually transmitted disease.

Diagnosis and treatment

After knowing your symptoms and clinical history, your doctor will ask you for a urine test and will take samples from the body area where the symptoms are manifesting to be analyzed in the laboratory. In addition, if deemed appropriate, he or she will request other tests to rule out other sexually transmitted diseases that sometimes accompany gonorrhea, such as chlamydia, syphilis, or AIDS.

The treatment to follow is the supply of antibiotics, either intravenously, orally, or both, your doctor will assess what is most appropriate for your case. This combination is used to prevent possible resistance of the bacteria to certain drugs.

If the infection spreads through the bloodstream, it is usually treated in hospital with intravenous antibiotics.

It is important that if you have a regular partner, both receive the treatment, since if only one follows it, there will be reinfection. 

In pregnant women, screening tests will be performed at the first prenatal visit and, if you have risk factors, they will be performed again during the third trimester.

Regular screening tests are needed for both partners.

If you have gonorrhea or are undergoing treatment, avoid having sex so as not to infect other people.

If the symptoms continue even after treatment, you should undergo a study that allows your doctor to evaluate if the bacteria is resistant to the antibiotics prescribed.

 Preventive Measures:

You can prevent gonorrhea and other sexually transmitted diseases if:

  • You use the condom correctly.
  • You avoid risky practices, such as constantly changing partners or having sex with promiscuous people.
  • You establish a monogamous relationship on both sides.

Comprehensive women’s health is our priority at the Women’s Center, so we offer services focused on women in all their chronological stages with the highest standards of care to improve their quality of life, through a wide range of prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and follow-up services. 

It has three specialized units:

  • Obstetrics Center.
  • Gynecology Center.
  • Gynecology in adolescence.

Reasons to choose our Women’s Center:

  • Multidisciplinary team: we have obstetrician gynecologists and specialized nurses who provide gynecological and prenatal care.
  • Personalized and humane care: our services are designed to meet your individual needs and preferences, ensuring that you receive humane care that allows you to have a healthy life.
  • Better treatment options: reducing hospitalization times, a quicker and less painful recovery, and taking care of the aesthetic appearance of our patients.
  • Robot surgery: we have a great technological development that allows us to perform more precise surgical procedures using robotic instruments and an endoscopic video camera.
  • Comfortable facilities with state-of-the-art technology: in case of requiring special care, we have facilities fully equipped with the latest technological advances.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • cigna.com
  • medlineplus.gov
  • cdc.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Label A, Tirelli LL, Luna PC, et al. Infección gonocócica diseminada: otra gran simuladora. Med Cutan Iber Lat Am. 2020;48(1):75-79. doi:10.35366/93982. 
  • Figueroa-Damián R. Uretritis gonocócica. Perinatol Reprod Hum. 2013;27(2):113-122.
  • Solórzano SF. Reemergencia de Sífilis y Gonorrea en México. Enf Infec Microbiol. 2018;38(4):103.
  • Sanz-Lorente M, Sanz-Valero J, Wanden-Berghe C. La búsqueda de información y su asociación con la producción científica: el ejemplo de la sífilis y la gonorrea. Revista Cubana de Información en Ciencias de la Salud (ACIMED). 2019;30(4):1-11.

						
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