Once you know your symptoms and your medical history, your doctor will perform a physical examination to observe your sensitivity, ability to move, and degree of pain. If deemed necessary, they will request laboratory and diagnostic tests such as ultrasound, X-rays, MRI, and computed tomography, which allows them to assess the direct cause.
The treatment plan will depend on your specific problem, but it will mainly focus on minimizing symptoms with the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatories, rest, and the application of hot or cold compresses.
They can also recommend physiotherapy sessions and exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knee, and improve balance, and flexing ability.
Correct some erroneous movements or postures in the practice of a sport, your profession, or in daily life. They may also suggest the use of knee braces or orthopedic soles to reduce pressure on the side of the affected knee and help stabilize it.
In specific cases, direct injections into the patella of:
- Hyaluronic acid.
- Plasma high in platelets.
For extreme cases, the recommended options may be:
- Arthroscopic surgery: to repair damaged joints, cartilage, and ligaments.
- Partial knee surgery: to replace only the most damaged part of the knee with metal or plastic structures.
- Osteotomy: consists of the extraction of a part of the femur or tibia to align the knee and relieve pain.
- Total knee replacement: it is replaced with a prosthesis.
At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center, we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.