Knee pain

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Knee pain?

It is a fairly common condition due to various injuries such as a cartilage tear, a sprain, or a torn ligament; although it can also be due to viral or bacterial infections, as well as some conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, and gout, among others. There are different reasons why knees can be injured, but the most common are:
  • Bursitis.
  • Torn menisci.
  • Fractures.
  • Anterior cruciate ligament injury.
  • Patellar tendinitis.
Like any condition, some factors can increase the risk of knee problems, including:
  • Some sports, activities, or professions.
  • Muscle weakness.
  • Lack of flexibility.
  • Previous injuries.
  • Overweight and obesity.

Symptoms

The symptoms will depend on the condition, but the characteristic signs consist of: 
  • Lack of strength and stability.
  • Redness.
  • Heat when touching the knee.
  • Reduced ability to move.
  • Inflammatory processes.
  • Numbness. 
  • Cracking noises in the knee. 
Although some knee pain is not serious, certain cases may be and cause complications or even disability, especially if not treated in time. If you have knee pain, you must see an orthopedist to review your case and determine the optimal treatment for you.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once you know your symptoms and your medical history, your doctor will perform a physical examination to observe your sensitivity, ability to move, and degree of pain. If deemed necessary, they will request laboratory and diagnostic tests such as ultrasound, X-rays, MRI, and computed tomography, which allows them to assess the direct cause. The treatment plan will depend on your specific problem, but it will mainly focus on minimizing symptoms with the use of painkillers and anti-inflammatories, rest, and the application of hot or cold compresses. They can also recommend physiotherapy sessions and exercises to strengthen the muscles around the knee, and improve balance, and flexing ability. Correct some erroneous movements or postures in the practice of a sport, your profession, or in daily life. They may also suggest the use of knee braces or orthopedic soles to reduce pressure on the side of the affected knee and help stabilize it. In specific cases, direct injections into the patella of:
  • Hyaluronic acid.
  • Corticosteroids. 
  • Plasma high in platelets. 
For extreme cases, the recommended options may be:
  • Arthroscopic surgery: to repair damaged joints, cartilage, and ligaments.
  • Partial knee surgery: to replace only the most damaged part of the knee with metal or plastic structures.
  • Osteotomy: consists of the extraction of a part of the femur or tibia to align the knee and relieve pain.
  • Total knee replacement: it is replaced with a prosthesis.
At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center, we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

Fuentes:

  • aarp.org
  • cun.es
  • medlineplus.gov
  • mayoclinic.org
  • msdmanuals.com
  • orthoinfo.aaos.org
  • medigraphic.com
  • Solis CU, Cepeda YPN, Gonzalez JSM, et al. Uso del ozono medico como terapia combinada en el tratamiento de las afecciones de rodillas. Rev Cub de Reu. 2020;22(2):1-15.
  • Rodriguez-Veiga D, González-Martín C, Pertega-Díaz S, et al. Prevalencia de artrosis de rodilla en una muestra aleatoria poblacional en personas de 40 y más años de edad. Gac Med Mex. 2019;155(1):39-45.
  • Torres-Fernández BJ, Pérez-Atanasio JM, González MJJ, et al. Artroplastia total de rodilla bilateral simultánea. Ortho-tips. 2018;14(2):72-77.
  • Solis CU, Calvopiña BSJ. Comorbilidades y calidad de vida en Osteoartritis. Rev Cub de Reu. 2018;20(2):1-14.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.