ABC Medical Center > Lumbar spine pain

What is Lumbar spine pain?

16:33 - 3 November , 2023


Also known as low back pain, it is a painful condition that affects the lumbar area of the spine, that is, the lower part of the back, causing a rigid effect on it, limiting movement, and preventing an upright posture.

Low back pain is a common condition that affects almost all people at various stages of life since the lower back or lumbar area is responsible for supporting much of the body weight.

Among the most common causes of low back pain are:

  • Osteoporosis.
  • Fractures.
  • Cancer.
  • Muscle spasms.
  • Herniated or ruptured disc.
  • Sciatica.
  • Spinal stenosis.
  • Scoliosis.
  • Muscle or ligament tears.
  • Abdominal aortic aneurysm.
  • Arthritis.
  • Infectious osteoarthritis.
  • Spine infections.
  • Kidney infections.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Pregnancy complications.
  • Gallbladder conditions.
  • Pancreas problems.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Ovarian cysts.
  • Fibroids.

Signs and symptoms Lumbar spine pain

  • Numbness.
  • Tingling.
  • Burning.
  • Mild or severe pain.
  • Movement limitations.
  • Weakness in the legs.
  • Pain that may spread to the legs, hips, and feet.

Diagnosis and treatment Lumbar spine pain

After analyzing your symptoms and clinical history, the orthopedist will perform a physical examination in which they will touch various areas of the lower back to observe your reactions, asking you to adopt different postures to measure your dynamic capacity.

Likewise, they will request imaging studies such as:

  • X-rays.
  • Computed tomography.
  • MRI.

The treatment will depend on the severity of the symptoms but generally includes:

  • Cryotherapy.
  • Painkillers.
  • Anti-inflammatories.
  • Physiotherapy.

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.


  • Pedroso PIM, Chio GJF, Ochoa VO, et al. La rehabilitación de la lumbalgia con ejercicios de Williams y Charriere. Rev Cub de Tec de la Sal. 2018;9(2):122-140.
  • Aguilar RJ, Rodriguez MF, Cruz PF, et al. Manejo inicial del paciente con lumbalgia. Rev Med Cos Cen. 2013;70(607):483-489.
  • Burbano-Burbano HD, Belalcázar-Bolaños EG, Fernández-Tapia S. Resonancia magnética de la columna lumbar: lo que el radiólogo debe conocer antes de elaborar un reporte. Annals of Radiology Mexico. 2014;13(3):292-305.

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