ABC Medical Center > Padecimientos > Multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Multiple sclerosis?

This condition of the central nervous system directly affects the brain and spinal cord and can become incapacitating, since the immune system deteriorates the myelin (the nerves’ covering) causing lack of communication between the brain and the patient’s body.

Its origin is unknown, but it is an autoimmune condition that has some risk factors such as age (being more frequent between 21 to 42 years), gender (since women are more likely to suffer from it), family history, infections, vitamin D deficiency, and smoking.

Symptoms

The symptoms may vary depending on the evolution of the disease and the affected areas, but the following symptoms usually appear:

  • Lack of strength and mobility in the limbs.
  • Electric shocks at neck level. 
  • Tremor, lack of coordination, and limp.
  • Visual weakness in which partial or total vision of one eye can be lost. 
  • Blurred or double vision.
  • Speech problems. 
  • Tiredness and dizziness.
  • Numbness in various body areas. 
  • Sexual dysfunction.
  • Bowel and urinary problems. 

Diagnosis and treatment

There are no specific tests to detect it, so various tests are used to rule out the presence of other diseases, including blood tests, lumbar puncture, MRI, and evoked potential tests to measure the nervous system’s electrical activity in response to stimuli. 

Multiple sclerosis is incurable, but there are pharmacological treatments that can control the symptoms and stop its progression. In some cases, the symptoms are so mild that no treatment is necessary.

At the Neurological Center, a select group of highly professional and certified doctors in the various neurological specialties are ready to assist you with the quality and warmth that characterizes us.

Our mission is to provide you with comprehensive and multidisciplinary care programs for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of nervous system diseases, always focusing our activities on your safety.

Nervous system specialties

  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Neurophysiology
  • Neuro-rehabilitation
  • Neuro-pathology
  • Interventional neuro-radiology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Neuro-otology
  • Epilepsy
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Neuroimaging

Fuentes:

  • neurorgs.net
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • topdoctors.es
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Macías-Cosme K, Cervantes-Llanos M, Marín-Prida J, et al. Generación de un modelo murino de encefalomielitis autoinmune experimental crónico progresivo para estudios de farmacología molecular en esclerosis múltiple . Biotecnol Apl. 2012;29(3):169-174.
  • Romo-Sanchez M, Nelson F, Sangrador-Deitos M. Resonancia Magnética en Esclerosis Múltiple: un repaso de los principios básicos de imagenología y guías prácticas de uso. Arch Neurocien. 2020;25(4):23-31.
  • Herrera BM, Avello OME, Blanco RC, et al. Resultado del tratamiento rehabilitador en pacientes con esclerosis múltiple. Acta Med Cent. 2020;14(1):82-92.
  • Mesa WIJ, Bravo AT. Influencia del tratamiento neurorrehabilitador en la calidad de vida de pacientes con esclerosis múltiple. Rev Cub de Med Fis y Rehab. 2018;10(2):1-13.

						
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