Pediatric allergies

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Pediatric allergies?

An allergy is a hypersensitive reaction of our immune system to a substance that enters our body by ingesting, touching, or inhaling it, causing skin, breathing, eye, stomach, or bowel problems, among others.  Our immune system reacts by defending our body against harmful elements such as viruses and bacteria, but in some people it also acts to defend us from substances that do not usually have adverse effects on most of us. When one of those substances triggers a reaction, it is called an allergen. Allergies are common during childhood. It is considered that about 30% of children are allergic to something and this percentage increases annually. In allergic children, their body's defenses identify these substances as threats, provoking a response expressed in a variety of symptoms that can range from mild to very serious.  Types of allergens:
  • Food: the most common are dairy, flour, seeds, shellfish, eggs, among others. 
  • Airborne vegetables: flower pollen, spores, and mold.
  • Insects: bee, scorpion, or wasp stings; contact with dust mites.
  • Medicines: mainly antibiotics and painkillers.
  • Chemical substances: soaps, deodorants, detergents, lotions, cleaners, etc.
  • Pet hair.

Symptoms

  • Itching in any part of the body.
  • Abundant fluid from the nose.
  • Eye irritation and inflammation.
  • Shortness of breath and respiratory complications.
  • Cough and phlegm.
  • Skin rash.
  • Swelling of the face and throat.
  • Life-threatening anaphylaxis.

Diagnosis and treatment

When allergy symptoms appear in our children, it is necessary to go to the doctor for an allergy test to identify the substances that cause these episodes and avoid them. The treatment to follow in case of experiencing a mild or moderate allergic attack is to go to your doctor, who will check you and prescribe antihistamines to counteract the allergic effects. In serious cases where there is swelling of the face and throat, compromising breathing, go immediately to the ABC Pediatric Emergency Department.  In our Pediatric Center, a team of highly trained specialists awaits you 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, ensuring optimal care and results by providing care based on clinical practice guidelines and international protocols. We have two pediatric intensive care units attended by experts in the management of critically ill pediatric patients and equipped with cutting-edge technology to offer the best treatment options. Our subspecialists in pediatric emergencies are always ready to provide specialized care when you need it most. Trust your children’s health to our experts.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org.
  • stanfordchildrens.org
  • aboutkidshealth.ca
  • medilineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • healthychildren.org
  • medigraphic.com
  • Addine RBC, Marrón GR, García FM, et al. Demografía e inmunología de variantes fenotípicas de la alergia en pacientes atópicos de 1-5 años. Granma. 2012-2018. Mul Med. 2020;24(2):259-277.
  • Gutiérrez-de Anda KV, Juárez-Martínez LA, Juárez-Avendaño G, et al. Las alergias como blanco de interés en la era de la inmunoterapia. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2019;57(6):379-386.
  • Terán LM, Haselbarth-López MMM, Quiroz-García DL. Alergia, pólenes y medio ambiente. Gac Med Mex. 2009;145(3):215-222.
  • Ortega MJA, Huerta HRE. Diagnóstico de alergia a alimentos. Alerg Asma Inmunol Pediatr. 2020;29(1):31-36. doi:10.35366/93323. 

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.