It is a mental pathology that makes it difficult or impossible to relate to others and respond appropriately to social signals and that causes alterations in behavior and thoughts, as well as appearance.
The schizotypal disorder is characterized by brief psychotic episodes of hallucinations or delusions, unlike schizophrenia, where these are more intense, long-lasting, and frequent. Furthermore, the person who suffers from it is usually aware of the difference between their distorted ideas and reality, which is not the case with schizophrenia.
It is unknown what causes schizotypal disorder, but clinical studies indicate that it may be due to genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. The risk is greater if there is a family history of schizophrenia or another mental condition