ABC Medical Center > Tarsal tunnel syndrome

What is Tarsal tunnel syndrome?

21:56 - 4 May , 2021


It is an idiopathic neuropathy manifested with foot and ankle pain. It consists of the entrapment and compression of the nerves located in the tarsal tunnel, especially the posterior tibial nerve, responsible for controlling the muscles of the soles of the feet and ankle.

Although it has not been possible to identify a specific cause of this condition, which has a higher incidence in women than in men, the most accepted are:

  • Arthritis, diabetes, thyroid conditions.
  • Ankle injuries such as sprains and fractures.
  • Excess repetitive movements in that area.
  • Flatfoot.
  • Recurrent inflammation symptoms.
  • Varicose veins.
  • Bone malformations.

Signs and symptoms Tarsal tunnel syndrome

  • Crampy ankle.
  • Sting that starts in the sole of the foot and toes and reach the calf.
  • Numbness and tingling in the ankle.
  • Difficulty walking or standing for a long time. 
  • Swelling and burning in the feet.


  • Avoid tight shoes.
  • Wear footwear with arch, foot, and heel support.
  • When performing any sports, use special shoes or an orthopedic accessory.

Diagnosis and treatment Tarsal tunnel syndrome

The orthopedist will assess your case and request the necessary studies such as X-rays, electromyography, MRI, and blood tests, among others, to determine the appropriate treatment for you, which may include physical therapy, special shoe inserts, and the intake of medications. . If necessary, surgery can be done to free the compressed nerve.

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:

  • Arthroscopic surgery.
  • Partial and total joint replacement surgery (prostheses).
  • Trauma surgery.
  • Hand surgery. 
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.

We treat injuries such as:

  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.


  • mayoclinic.org.
  • neurología.com
  • msdmanuals.com
  • fisioterapia-online.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Cisneros FA. Síndrome del túnel del tarso. An Med Asoc Med Hosp ABC. 2021;66(1):54-56. doi:10.35366/99490. 
  • Vázquez-Alonso MF, Díaz-Avalos AL. Cambios morfológicos y dimensionales en el túnel del carpo por resonancia magnética (preoperatorios y postoperatorios) . Acta Ortop Mex. 2018;32(4):209-213.
  • García-Renedo RJ, Pérez-Carro L, Fernández-Torres JJ, et al. Dolor anterolateral de tobillo, diagnóstico diferencial y abordaje. Presentación de un caso. Acta Ortop Mex. 2011;25(1):63-66.
  • Hernández GEH, Pérez SG, Mosquera BG. Síndrome del túnel del tarso causado por un ganglión epineural. AMC. 2013;17(6):745-754.

How can we help you?

    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.