ABC Medical Center > Traumatic brain injury

What is Traumatic brain injury?

17:24 - 5 December , 2023


It is damage to the brain caused by a blow or trauma to the head, whether due to falls, car or sports accidents, violence, or explosions, among others.

Depending on the intensity of the impact and the severity of the injury, brain involvement may be temporary and have no major consequences, but, in severe cases, a traumatic brain injury can cause internal bleeding, hematomas, and tissue tears, which can cause permanent complications and even endanger life.

Signs and symptoms Traumatic brain injury

The symptoms vary depending on the intensity of the injury:


  • Migraine.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomit.
  • Fatigue.
  • Somnolescence.
  • Difficulty speaking.
  • Dizziness.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Ringing in the ears.
  • Photosensitivity.
  • Brief fainting.
  • Daze.
  • Confusion.
  • Anxiety.


  • Long-lasting fainting.
  • Memory problems.
  • Intense migraine.
  • Nausea.
  • Frequent vomiting.
  • Seizures.
  • Hydrocephalus.
  • Numbness of the hands and feet.
  • Lack of coordination.
  • Severe confusion.
  • Irritability.
  • Aggressiveness.
  • Inability to speak.
  • Coma.

Diagnosis and treatment Traumatic brain injury

In the event of a traumatic brain injury, it is necessary to act quickly and go to the ABC Medical Center Emergency Room to be evaluated and treated promptly.

Traumatologists will apply the Glasgow Coma Scale to determine the severity of the injury, also asking the patient or their companions how and when the trauma occurred.

Additionally, they will perform a series of imaging studies such as MRI and CT scans to observe the location and magnitude of the injury.

The treatment to follow will depend on the seriousness of the damage, so in mild injuries, only rest painkillers and anti-inflammatories are required to control the symptoms; while in severe cases, anticonvulsants, diuretics, drugs to induce coma, surgery, and rehabilitation will be needed.

At the Neurology Center, a group of highly trained and certified doctors in various neurological specialties are prepared to serve you with the quality and warmth that sets us apart.


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  • Soto-Páramo DG, Pérez-Nieto OR, Deloya-Tomas E, et al. Fisiopatología, diagnóstico y tratamiento de la lesión cerebral traumática. Rev Neurol Neurocir Psiquiat. 2022;50(1):4-15. doi:10.35366/105545.
  • Sierra BEM. Controversias sobre la craniectomía descompresiva en la hipertensión intracraneal traumática. Rev Cub Med Int Emerg. 2019;18(4):1-16.
  • Moscote-Salazar LR, Alvis-Miranda HRI, Ramos-Villegas Y, et al. Hipertensión intracraneal traumática refractaria: el papel de la craniectomía descompresiva. Cir Cir. 2019;87(3):258-264.
  • Sibaja PA, Gómez HD, Caamaño VP, et al. Contusiones cerebrales traumáticas. Rev Cub Med Int Emerg. 2018;17(Suppl: 2):81-85.

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    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.