ABC Medical Center > Bone marrow transplant

What is Bone marrow transplant?

14:18 - 9 April , 2021

Medical procedure



It is an innovative treatment used against cancer, especially indicated to attack leukemia and lymphoma. It is called a transplant, since it seeks to extract a certain type of stem or hematopoietic cells from a donor’s healthy bone marrow to a patient whose cell production is deficient, either due to cancer or some other pathology. This transplant can also be performed from a specific area of the patient’s body to encourage these cells production.

Bone marrow transplant is regularly performed to try to slow the progression of cancer and/or replace damaged cells after receiving treatments such as chemotherapy.

Among the main conditions that are usually treated by a bone marrow transplant, are:

  • Acute or chronic leukemia.
  • Different types of anemia.
  • Bone marrow disorders.
  • Other tumors.

Possible risks and complications:

Although bone marrow transplants usually generate minimal discomfort and complications, there are also some patients who may have more serious consequences. 

Some of the possible complications of a bone marrow transplant are:

  • The appearance of new types of cancer.
  • Organ and tissue damage.
  • Opportunistic infections.
  • Infertility.
  • Death.

Your ABC doctor will guide you and explain the risks and benefits of a bone marrow transplant. 

At ABC Medical Center we are leaders in bone marrow transplant with a solid experience of more than 12 years performing cutting-edge treatments with a highly trained medical team that specializes in adult and pediatric patients, whose cases are evaluated by a multidisciplinary committee to determine the optimal treatment. 

Our Hematopoietic Cell Transplant Unit (bone marrow) performs transplants from related and unrelated donors, as well as autologous transplants, offering you internationally comparable results.

Related centers and departments

Experience, state-of-the-art technology, and state-of-the-art facilities

Since its opening in 2009, our Cancer Center offers chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments at the level of the best medical centers in the world through a comprehensive care model for cancer patients.

In chemotherapy we include the most innovative therapies in comfortable facilities specially designed for your comfort and peace of mind.

In radiotherapy procedures, we provide you with evidence-based treatment plans discussed with experts from Houston Methodist Hospital, using state-of-the-art technological equipment in state-of-the-art facilities.


  • cancerquest.org
  • cancer.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Jaime FJC. El trasplante de médula ósea y su evolución en Cuba. Rev Cubana, Hematol Inmunol Hemoter. 2018;34(4):41-44.
  • Niederwieser D, Baldomero H, Szer J, Gratwohl M, Aljurf M, Atsuta Y, et al. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation activity worldwide in 2012 and a SWOT analysis of the Worldwide Network for Blood and Marrow Transplantation Group including the global survey. Bone Marrow Transplant. 2016 Jun;51(6):778-85.
  • Thomas ED. A history of bone marrow transplantation. En: Appelbaum FR, Forman SJ, Negrin RS, Blume KG, eds. Thomas’ Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. West Sussex, UK: Wiley-Blackwell;2009. p. 3 – 7.

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    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.