ABC Medical Center > Trauma surgery

What is Trauma surgery?

21:59 - 4 May , 2021

Medical procedure



It refers to an emergency surgical procedure due to traumatic external injuries for various reasons such as traffic accidents, falls, sports activities, physical attacks, among others, which endanger the person’s life. 

Trauma surgeons must work quickly with limited information about the patient, as well as perform procedures and treatments in order of importance to first stabilize the patient until the evaluation is complete. The initial process to treat people with serious injuries is based on a care protocol that allows identifying and treating the most serious injuries and that pose a mortal risk, this includes, in order of importance, resuscitation, diagnosis, and definitive care based on an established diagnosis. 

For this, it is essential to verify the patient’s vital signs, age, pre-existing conditions, such as cardiopulmonary diseases, perform laboratory tests, X-rays, CT scans, ultrasounds, and MRIs, among others.


According to their degree of intensity, they are classified as simple, when their recovery occurs in a few days; and serious, which can cause incapacity or death. 

Common causes of trauma:

Mechanical asphyxia, poisoning, firearm trauma, stabbing, precipitation, and others.

Types of trauma:

  • Soft tissue trauma affecting the skin and subcutaneous tissues. 
  • Contusion. 
  • Bruising.
  • Bone trauma:
    • Fractures.
    • Injuries to the skull, face, and spine.
    • Multisystem trauma.

In Mexico, traumatic pathology currently represents the fourth cause of death and disability in the general population and the first in people of productive age.

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:

  • Arthroscopic surgery.
  • Partial and total joint replacement surgery (prostheses).
  • Trauma surgery.
  • Hand surgery. 
  • Foot and ankle surgery.
  • Spinal surgery.

We treat injuries such as:

  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.

Related centers and departments:


  • Zepeda-Mendoza AD, Carrillo-Esper R. Manejo de hemorragia crítica en cirugía de trauma. Rev Mex Anest. 2014;37(Suppl: 2):393-399.
  • Magaña SIJ. Cambios en los paradigmas del manejo del paciente traumatizado: cirugía de control de daños. Rev Latinoam Cir. 2013;3(1):2-4.
  • Candia RF, Pérez RA, Córdova GI, et al. Lesiones arteriales de la extremidad superior. Rev Mex Angiol. 2008;36(3):82-87.
  • Magaña SI, Javier Torres Cabello AR, Ruiz GGH, et al. Factores de riesgo que favorecen la iatrogenia en cirugía de trauma. Cir Gen. 2001;23(4):223-228.

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    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.