Cirrhosis

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Cirrhosis?

It is characterized by being a significant and serious progress in liver scarring as a result of some liver disease, such as hepatitis B and C; or the systematic abuse of alcoholic beverages.  It is an incurable disease, which if detected early and treated properly, it is possible to stop its progress and therefore damage to the liver. 

Symptoms

There are no symptoms in the early stages, but as the condition worsens, a series of symptoms appear, among which the following stand out: 
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Frequent bruises.
  • Tiredness and sleepiness.
  • Jaundice.
  • Itch.
  • Lack of appetite and sex drive.
  • Lower limb swelling.
  • Weight loss.
  • Headache.
  • Fluid retention in the abdomen. 
Potential risks:
  • Excess iron in the body.
  • Alcoholism. 
    • Genetic predisposition.
    • Cystic fibrosis.
  • Hepatitis B or C. 
  • Fatty liver.
  • Infections.
  • Deformed or dysfunctional bile ducts.
  • Overweight and obesity.

Diagnosis and treatment

After a physical examination and analyzing your medical history, your doctor will request liver function blood tests and imaging studies such as MRI and ultrasound. Depending on the degree of progress and your health conditions, your doctor will determine the treatment to follow, which may include medication, and vitamin and mineral supplements. In advanced cases where liver function is severely compromised, the only option is to perform a liver transplant. The Transplant Center, with more than ten years of service, has a multidisciplinary care model for different solid organ transplants within a highly professional, safe, and comfortable environment, in strict adherence to the highest standards in safety and patient care. Organ and tissue transplants constitute the most important therapeutic advance in the last 50 years in the field of health sciences. Achieving this has involved practically every specialty of modern medicine.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cun.es 
  • medigraphic.com
  • Arredondo BAE, Trujillo PY, Chiong QM. Acercamiento al tratamiento del paciente cirrótico. Rev Méd Electrón. 2019;41(5):1269-1278.
  • Pérez BA, Hernández AE, Alfonso MOA, et al. Manifestaciones cardiovasculares de la cirrosis hepática según su etiología. Rev Cubana Cardiol Cir Cardiovasc. 2019;25(3):.
  • Roque LJA, Sauchay RL, Rodríguez CHE. Caracterización de mortalidad por Cirrosis Hepática en el Hospital “Julio Trigo López”. 2012-2016. Rev Cub de Tec de la Sal. 2019;10(2):35-43.
  • Cruz HZD, Samada SM, Hernández PJC, et al. Evolución de los pacientes con cirrosis hepática compensada. Invest Medicoquir. 2018;10(1):22-35.

						
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