It is a congenital anomaly in which the cranial sutures, which are joint tissues that assemble the baby’s skull, come together before the brain has fully developed, which means that, by reducing the space and as the brain continues to grow, the head becomes misshapen.
The origin of craniosynostosis has not yet been identified, but it is known to be related to genetic abnormalities, environmental issues or are part of various syndromes’ symptoms, so it is classified as:
- Non-syndromic: it is the most frequent and is due to genetic and environmental factors.
- Syndromic: generated by syndromes such as Apert’s, Pfeiffer’s, or Crouzon’s, which hinders correct cranial development.
It is possible to reverse the damage caused by craniosynostosis through a surgical procedure that fixes the head deformity and allows the brain to develop normally. Therefore, it must be diagnosed and treated promptly, since, otherwise, there may be neurological effects.