ABC Medical Center > Dysmenorrhea

What is Dysmenorrhea?

15:59 - 27 April , 2021


It is an intense pain located between the pelvic area and the abdomen of women before or during the menstrual period. It is considered secondary dysmenorrhea when it appears in women over 30 years of age. The causes of its appearance are due to the presence of hormonal changes and/or some other disease such as endometriosis or ovarian cysts.

Potential causes and risks:

Although dysmenorrhea can appear spontaneously in women of any age, it is more common in those who smoke, drink alcoholic beverages regularly, and are overweight or obese.

Signs and symptoms Dysmenorrhea

Symptoms usually include colic, pain in the abdomen and pelvis days before or during the menstrual period, accompanied by headaches, nausea, dizziness, lower back pain, and excessive fatigue.

Diagnosis and treatment Dysmenorrhea

To establish a proper diagnosis, your ABC doctor will ask about your sex life to establish your health status in this area, examine your medical history, and request additional studies such as ultrasounds and blood tests.

The choice of treatment will depend on the diagnosis, although rest, hot baths, modification of eating habits, as well as the prescription of painkillers and anti-inflammatories are usually recommended. 

At ABC Medical Center we have a team of experts in the various branches of gynecology ready to serve you with world-class quality and safety standards, as well as the humane treatment and warmth that characterizes us. Come to us and you will receive the best care available in Mexico and Latin America.

We are pioneers in gynecologic laparoscopy, which allows us to offer you the best treatment options, with shorter hospitalization times, as well as a faster and less painful recovery, taking care of the aesthetic aspect with smaller scars than open surgeries. We offer you robot-assisted gynecologic surgeries, being an even less invasive and more precise procedure that provides benefits such as:

20% of the total robot surgeries of ABC Medical Center correspond to this specialty, which places us as a cutting-edge institution with vast experience and leadership in the field for the benefit of our patients.


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  • Blümel J., Onatra W., Sánchez H, Tserotas K., Vallejo M.S., Chedraui P.:” Sexual dysfunction in middle-aged women: a multicenter Latin American study using the Female Sexual Function Index”. Menopause. Disponible en: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/19458559/
  • Chávez TNC, Lizardi CJ. Endometriosis. Med Sur. 2002;9(2):99-101.
    Delgado L., Manzano B.R., Navarro D., Roque M.C. “Caracterización de los trastornos menstruales y el sangrado posmenopáusico en mujeres de edad mediana”. Rev. Panorama Cuba y Salud. Disponible en: https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/4773/477348940005.pdf
  • Mazzeo DP, Vigano AM, Di Blasio F, Sinigaglia M, Vignali P. Panina-Bordignon. Interleukin-12 and its free p40 subunit regulate immune recognition of endometrial cells: potential role in endometriosis. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 1998 83: 911-916.
  • Tomé DPA, González CCC, Zayas FE. Sexual dysfunction in middle-aged women with menstrual disorders. 16 de abril. 2020;59(278):1-6.

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