E. coli

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is E. coli?

It is a family of bacteria that inhabit human and animal intestines, being generally harmless, although sometimes they can cause mild symptoms. However, some dangerous strains can cause diarrhea, intestinal bleeding, acute abdominal pain, severe infections, and vomiting, among other symptoms.

E.coli can spread quickly and easily from one infected person to another due to poor hygiene. Although we are all vulnerable to infection with this bacteria, some factors can contribute to its appearance, such as:

  • Consuming contaminated food, mainly raw vegetables, undercooked meat, and unpasteurized dairy products.
  • Contact with animals carrying these bacteria.
  • Older adults and young children are more exposed to being infected with E.coli and having complications.
  • Drinking contaminated water.
  • Improper hygiene, especially children who wear diapers can transmit the bacteria.
  • Low levels of stomach acid.
  • Weak immune system due to AIDS, cancer treatments, or organ transplants.

Symptoms

E.coli symptoms appear two or three days after infection, which includes:

  • Mild diarrhea that can worsen and present blood.
  • Abdominal spasms.
  • Nausea.
  • Vomit.
  • Weakness and tiredness.
  • High fever.

If you experience some of these symptoms, see your doctor to avoid complications that put your health at risk.

Diagnosis and treatment

After analyzing your symptoms and clinical history, your doctor will request a stool sample to perform a stool culture to confirm the diagnosis and rule out other conditions that could contribute to your discomfort.

The treatment to follow is prepared according to the symptoms intensity, the affected organs, and the type of bacteria, but normally includes:

  • Rest.
  • Plenty of fluids to avoid dehydration
  • Bland diet, avoiding fatty and high-fiber foods, as well as dairy products, as they can increase the symptoms.
  • Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics if you have an E.coli infection out of your digestive tract.

If the E.coli infection has caused an abscess, you will likely require surgery to remove the pus.

If the infection has caused kidney failure and is life-threatening, you will require hospitalization for intravenous hydration, dialysis, and blood transfusions.

Like any other disease, prevention is the best cure, so you should follow these recommendations:

  • Avoid eating raw or undercooked foods, as well as unpasteurized dairy products.
  • Practice good hand hygiene, especially after having contact with animals, changing diapers, handling raw food, and going to the bathroom.
  • Disinfect fruits and vegetables.
  • Drink purified water.

At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes:

  • cun.es
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • topdoctors.es
  • medigraphic.com
  • Zarnowski VD, Salazar SA, Zarnowski GA. Infección del tracto urinario adquirida en la comunidad. Revista Médica Sinergia. 2021;6(09).
  • Catur RA, Olga KAR, Retnoningrum DS. Expresión de rMnSODSeq recombinante regulada con el promotor autoinducible dps en Escherichia coli. Biotecnol Apl. 2019;36(1):1201-1205.
  • Águila SA, Rodríguez A, Fernández AA, et al. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli: identification of pathotypes and antimicrobial resistance phenotypes in Cuban isolates. Rev Cubana Med Trop. 2020;72(1):1-19.
  • Expósito BLM, Bermellón SS, Lescaille GL, et al. Resistencia antimicrobiana de la Escherichia coli en pacientes con infección del tracto urinario. RIC. 2019;98(6):755-764.

						

Internal Medicine

En Medicina Interna, ofrecemos un servicio de atención médica de prevención, diagnóstico, tratamiento oportuno y seguimiento de patologías infecciosas, respiratorias, endocrinológica, dermatológicas.

The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.