Galactorrhea

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Galactorrhea?

It is a condition in which one or both breasts secrete milk and there is no relation to lactation, but the levels of prolactin, which is the hormone that stimulates milk production, are high, often causing the nipples to leak when touched or by themselves. It occurs in both women and men, and rarely in babies. Although in some cases the cause of galactorrhea is unknown, it may be due to one of the following reasons:
  • Antidepressants.
  • Antipsychotics.
  • Blood pressure control drugs.
  • Drug intake.
  • Chronic kidney disease.
  • Excess stress.
  • Hypothyroidism.
  • Chest or spinal cord injuries.
  • Birth control pills.
  • Overstimulation of the breasts.
  • Pituitary disorder.

Symptoms

The symptoms are:
  • Milky white discharge that comes continuously from one or both nipples.
  • Acne.
  • Appearance of hair on the chin or chest.
  • Decreased sexual desire.
  • Headache.
  • Erectile dysfunction.
  • Irregular menstrual periods.
  • Eyesight problems.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your gynecologist analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination of the breasts to examine if there are no nodules and will request:
  • Blood tests to know your hormone levels.
  • Fluid sample to be analyzed.
  • Ultrasound and/or mammogram to rule out cancer.
  • Pregnancy test.
  • MRI to determine if there is no tumor or abnormality in the pituitary gland.
The treatment indicated for galactorrhea will depend on the cause, but it usually includes the intake of medications, surgery, or the suspension for a certain period of a medication that you are taking and is the cause of the condition. Sometimes no treatment is required, as galactorrhea may go away on its own, but it is important to:
  • Avoid stimulating your breasts or touching your nipples during sex.
  • Avoid wearing very tight clothing or clothing that irritates your skin.
  • Do not perform breast self-exams more than once a month.
  • Use bra pads to absorb the milky discharge.
Comprehensive women's health is our priority at the Women's Center, so we offer services focused on women in all their chronological stages with the highest standards of care to improve their quality of life, through a wide range of prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and follow-up services. It has three specialized units: Obstetrics Center Gynecology Center Gynecology in adolescence Reasons to choose our Women's Center:
  • Multidisciplinary team: we have obstetrician gynecologists and specialized nurses who provide gynecological and prenatal care.
  • Personalized and humane care: our services are designed to meet your individual needs and preferences, ensuring that you receive humane care that allows you to have a healthy life.
  • Better treatment options: reducing hospitalization times, a quicker and less painful recovery, and taking care of the aesthetic appearance of our patients.
  • Robot surgery: we have a great technological development that allows us to perform more precise surgical procedures using robotic instruments and an endoscopic video camera.
  • Comfortable facilities with state-of-the-art technology: in case of requiring special care, we have facilities fully equipped with the latest technological advances.

Fuentes:

  • fesemi.org
  • topdoctors.es
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cun.es
  • medigraphic.com
  • Torres AL, Ramírez RT, Puerto LJA. Mama supernumeraria axilar. Presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura. Finlay. 2018;8(1):75-79.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.