ABC Medical Center > Heart attack or acute myocardial infarction

What is Heart attack or acute myocardial infarction?

12:39 - 9 April , 2021


It refers to the sudden lack of blood circulation in a specific area of the heart due to the blockage of one of the coronary arteries. It is estimated that, worldwide, this condition takes the lives of almost 1.8 million people annually, being one of the main causes of mortality in adults over 20 years old.

Signs and symptoms Heart attack or acute myocardial infarction

An acute myocardial infarction is a medical emergency. Go immediately to the ABC Medical Center Emergency Room in the event of any of these symptoms:

  • Pain or pressure in the arms or chest. Usually the pain is continuous and lasts for more than 20 minutes.
  • Nausea, vomiting, pain, or burning in the stomach.
  • A feeling of suffocation.
  • Cold sweat.
  • Tiredness.
  • Dizziness.
  • Anxiety.
  • Agitation and palpitations.

However, not all heart attack cases have the same symptoms and, furthermore, their intensity varies. 

Main causes:

  • The risk increases after turning 45. 
  • High blood pressure damages the coronary arteries.
  • Sedentary lifestyle.
  • Obesity causes high cholesterol and triglycerides, hypertension, and diabetes. 
  • Smoking.
  • Stress.
  • Drug addiction.

Diagnosis and treatment Heart attack or acute myocardial infarction

Diagnostic studies:

  • Cardiac ultrasound and MRI: Used to see the size, shape, and function of the heart.
  • Electrocardiogram and blood tests: these are used to identify a heart attack or damaged areas of the heart. 
  • Angiography: to analyze blood flow in the heart.
  • Stress test: in order to monitor the heart during physical exercise. 

The best option to prevent a heart attack is to maintain a healthy lifestyle. This means keeping an optimal body weight, eating a healthy and balanced diet, minimizing alcohol and coffee intake, managing stress, exercising, and quitting smoking.

To reduce the risk of a recurrent heart attack and maintain proper heart function, you need to take the medications prescribed by your cardiologist and have recommended follow-up tests as often as suggested. 

At the Cardiovascular Center we offer you a wide range of prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and follow-up services to take care of you through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary care model. Come to us, we want to hear your heart.


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