This condition affects the patient´s sleep, making it difficult to fall asleep and sleep continuously for several hours, drastically reducing the quantity and quality of sleep, which does not allow adequate rest and recovery. So, if you suffer from insomnia you wake up tired and without energy, which affects your quality of life and your professional and personal performance.
The adequate sleep time for an adult is 6 to 8 hours per night, so sleeping for fewer hours impacts health, and if this happens for a long time it can cause serious complications.
Sometimes insomnia appears as a single disorder, but other times it can be part of a set of conditions that act together.
Although we have all experienced acute insomnia due to stressful situations or worries, which lasts from one day to two weeks, when the disorder lasts more than a month, it is chronic insomnia, which appears by permanent stress, a hectic lifestyle, or adherence to habits and behaviors that affect sleep.
Chronic insomnia appears for the following reasons:
- Continuous stressful situations.
- Excess alcohol, tobacco, and coffee: by having a stimulating effect, they alter your sleep cycle.
- Anti-sleep behaviors: eating excessively, going to bed late, taking naps during the day, watching too many devices, video games, or television before going to sleep.
- Diseases that prevent sleep: sleep apnea, cardiovascular diseases, hyperthyroidism, cancer, diabetes, and gastroesophageal reflux, among others.
- Anxiety and depression.
- Drugs that affect sleep.