Kidney cancer

21:53 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Kidney cancer?

Located in the kidney cells, this type of cancer most often manifests as carcinoma in adults and Wilms tumor in infants.  Advances in current imaging tests such as MRI and computed tomography has significantly contributed to the early detection of kidney cancer, which has enabled a faster and more effective recovery, although sometimes the disease does not originate there but rather it comes from affected cells in other parts of the body, producing what is called metastasis.

Symptoms

In early stages, kidney cancer usually has no symptoms, but when it is already advanced, it may include the following signs: 
  • Lack of appetite and decreased body weight.
  • Weakness and fatigue.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Permanent lower back or side pain.
  • High fever.
Potential risks:
  • Family history.
  • Being over 50 years old. 
  • Smoking and alcoholism. 
  • Overweight and obesity.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Getting dialysis for kidney failure.

Diagnosis and treatment

After a physical examination and analyzing your medical history, your doctor will request liver function blood tests, imaging studies such as MRI, ultrasound, and computed tomography, and a biopsy of the affected tissue to confirm the diagnosis. Depending on how advanced the cancer is, its type, and your health condition, your doctor will determine the treatment to be followed, which may include chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as well as surgery to remove the tumor or the organ if it is too damaged and dysfunctional. In case of having only one functional kidney, a kidney transplant will be necessary.  The Transplant Center, with more than ten years of service, has a multidisciplinary care model for different solid organ transplants within a highly professional, safe, and comfortable environment, in strict adherence to the highest standards in safety and patient care. Organ and tissue transplants constitute the most important therapeutic advance in the last 50 years in the field of health sciences. Achieving this has involved practically every specialty of modern medicine.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • cancer.org
  • seom.org
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Sánchez IML, Martínez LRS, Rivero MJC, et al. Factores de riesgo en pacientes con Cáncer de Riñón. Mul Med. 2015;19(2):.
  • Arroyo-López R, Aragón-Tovar R, López-Verdugo JF, et al. Correlación de los hallazgos histopatológicos, tamaño, grado y estadio con la multifocalidad en el cáncer de riñón. Rev Mex Urol. 2009;69(6):277-280.
  • Sánchez TR, González LT. Repercusión de la cirugía laparoscópica de los tumores renales en la función renal postoperatoria. RCU. 2018;7(Suppl: 1):e35.
  • Herrera MJA, Preciado EDA, Villalpando GL, et al. Características clínicas, resultados funcionales y oncológicos de los pacientes con tumores renales tratados con nefrectomía parcial. Rev Mex Urol. 2019;79(1):1-11.

						
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