Liver cancer

21:53 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Liver cancer?

This condition that attacks the liver cells can occur in various forms and types, the most frequent being the so-called hepatocellular carcinoma, followed by others such as hepatoblastoma and cholangiocarcinoma. However, it is more common for cancer to develop in other areas of the body and spread to the liver, rather than originate in the liver cells. When this occurs, it is not classified as liver cancer, but as metastatic cancer.

Symptoms

During the initial stages of liver cancer, symptoms do not usually appear, but when it is already advanced the following may appear:
  • Lack of appetite and decreased body weight.
  • Abdominal pain and swelling. 
  • Recurrent nausea and vomiting.
  • Tiredness and lack of energy.
  • Discolored or white stools.
  • Jaundice. 
Potential risks:
  • Cirrhosis. 
  • Diabetes.
  • Hepatitis B or C. 
  • Fatty liver.
  • Alcoholism. 
 

Diagnosis and treatment

After a physical examination and analyzing your medical history, your doctor will request liver function blood tests, imaging studies such as MRI, ultrasound, and computed tomography, and a biopsy of the affected tissue to confirm the diagnosis. Depending on how advanced the cancer is, its type, and your health condition, your doctor will determine the treatment to be followed, which may include chemotherapy and radiotherapy, as well as surgery to remove the tumor or if the organ is too damaged and dysfunctional, a liver transplant will be necessary.  The Transplant Center, with more than ten years of service, has a multidisciplinary care model for different solid organ transplants within a highly professional, safe, and comfortable environment, in strict adherence to the highest standards in safety and patient care. Organ and tissue transplants constitute the most important therapeutic advance in the last 50 years in the field of health sciences. Achieving this has involved practically every specialty of modern medicine.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • cancer.org
  • seom.org
  • msdmanuals.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Domínguez GEJ, Sabater OL, Piña PLR, et al. Pautas simplificadas en el paciente portador de un hígado metastásico. Revista Cubana de Cirugía. 2019;58(3):1-8.
  • Pacheco-Pérez R, Rodríguez-Cortés F, Erosa-González M, et al. El tratamiento multidisciplinario del hepatocarcinoma y el cáncer renal metastásico. Conclusiones de la primera reunión interinstitucional IMSS-ISSSTE. Rev Esp Med Quir. 2018;23(3):139-144.
  • Zamora-Soberón CA, Angulo-Salazar D, Herrera-Zarza MC, et al. La importancia de los métodos de imagen en el diagnóstico del carcinoma hepatocelular. Rol actual de la PET-CT. Anales de Radiología México. 2019;18(3):177-186.
  • Castillo-García J, Montes de Oca-Orellana R, León-Merino G, et al. Linfoma hepático de células tipo B. Acta Med. 2018;16(1):54-57.

						
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