Prostatitis

21:55 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Prostatitis?

It refers to prostate inflammation, which usually causes pain and problems urinating, mainly affecting men over 50 years old, although it can affect men of any age. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection present in the urine that reaches the prostate gland, which, if not treated properly, can become chronic. Sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can also be a cause since by having sex with different partners it is possible to contract some of them, as well as having unprotected anal sex. Similarly, prostatitis can be caused by:
  • Urinary flow reduction due to functional blockages.
  • Phimosis.
  • Damaged perineum.
  • Biopsy.
  • Cystoscopy.
  • Urinary catheter.
Other possible causes are injuries to the urinary tract caused by a previous injury, blow, or surgery. Types of prostatitis:
  • Acute bacterial.
  • Chronic bacterial.
  • Chronic prostatitis.
  • Asymptomatic.

Symptoms

  • Dysuria or burning when urinating.
  • Trouble urinating properly.
  • Difficulty urinating.
  • Nocturia or frequent urination at night.
  • Urgency to urinate.
  • Cloudy urine.
  • Hematuria.
  • Sore abdomen, groin, and lower back.
  • Sore perineum.
  • Sore penis or testicles.
  • Pain when ejaculating.
Potential prostatitis complications are:
  • Bacteremia.
  • Epididymitis.
  • Prostatic abscess.
  • Sterility.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination and request a series of tests such as blood tests and urine tests, ultrasound, and computed tomography. The treatment to follow will depend on the type of prostatitis and its degree of progress, but in general, it focuses on the intake of drugs such as antibiotics, anti-inflammatories, and alpha-blockers. At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes:

  • topdoctors.es
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cun.es
  • medigraphic.com
  • Roig-Marín N, Roig-Rico P, Bañón-Escandel S, et al. Abscesos prostáticos con diseminación por Klebsiella pneumoniae. Med Int Mex. 2021;37(2):275-279.
  • Repetto E, Sosa A, Colla R, et al. Relación de prostatitis en la aparición del cáncer de próstata y la hiperplasia benigna prostática. RCU. 2019;8(1):22-33.
  • Robles RA, Garibay HTR, Acosta AE, et al. La próstata: generalidades y patologías más frecuentes. Rev Fac Med UNAM . 2019;62(4):41-54.
  • León TK. Prostatitis. Revista Médica Sinergia. 2017;2(01):26-31.

						
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