If you have these symptoms or any other that makes it difficult for you to breathe, you must see your doctor, who, in addition to performing a physical examination and analyzing your medical history, will request laboratory and imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, and pulmonary function tests to help determine if it is pulmonary emphysema.
Although there is no cure for this condition, various treatments help counteract the symptoms and slow down its development, including:
- Antibiotics, in case of a bacterial infection.
- Corticosteroid inhalers.
You may also require:
- Pulmonary rehabilitation program.
- Nutrition plan.
- Oxygen therapy.
If your emphysema is very advanced, the alternative to follow is lung volume reduction through surgical removal of the damaged tissue, or if the respiratory capacity is almost zero, a lung transplant will be necessary.
The best way to prevent pulmonary emphysema is to stop smoking and avoid exposure to tobacco smoke, exercise regularly, protect yourself from cold air and irritating chemicals, and get vaccinated against pneumonia and influenza.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.