Sleep disorders

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Sleep disorders?

They are anomalies in the body that changes the way we sleep, affecting our health, safety, and quality of life. The amount of sleep you need depends on several factors, including your age, lifestyle, health status, and whether you have gotten enough sleep in the past few days. Most adults require between 6 and 8 hours of sleep. Some studies indicate that there are more than 85 sleep disorders, but the most frequent are:
  • Apnea.
  • Hypersomnia.
  • Insomnia.
  • Narcolepsy.
  • Parasomnia.

Potential risks:

Although the cause is sometimes unknown, there are some factors that can cause sleep disorders, such as:
  • Excessive alcohol and caffeine. 
  • Family background.
  • Irregular hours at work.
  • Aging. 
  • Medicines.
  • Heart, mental, nervous, or respiratory ailments.

Symptoms

They depend on your specific problem, but the most common are: 
  • Difficulty sleeping.
  • Intense sleepiness during the day. 
  • Breathing problems during sleep. 
  • Abnormal sleep.

Diagnosis and treatment

Your doctor will perform a physical examination, discuss your sleep and medical history, and order a sleep study called a polysomnogram to monitor and record data from your body during a full night's sleep, such as:
  • Alterations in brain waves.
  • Respiratory and heart rate.
  • Electrical activity of the heart.
  • Eye movement.
  • Blood pressure.
The treatment to follow will depend on your specific problem, but you may have to make adjustments to your lifestyle, modify your diet for a healthier one and have an exercise routine, as well as relaxation techniques and medications to help you fall asleep. At the Neurological Center, a select group of highly professional and certified doctors in the various neurological specialties are ready to assist you with the quality and warmth that characterizes us. Our mission is to provide you with comprehensive and multidisciplinary care programs for the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of nervous system diseases, always focusing our activities on your safety. Nervous system specialties
  • Neurology
  • Neurosurgery
  • Spine surgery
  • Pediatric neurosurgery
  • Neurophysiology
  • Neuro-rehabilitation
  • Neuro-pathology
  • Interventional neuro-radiology
  • Neuropsychology
  • Neuro-oncology
  • Neuro-otology
  • Epilepsy
  • Neuro-ophthalmology
  • Neuroimaging

Fuentes: 

  • mayoclinic.org
  • cenetec.salud.gob.mx
  • sepeap.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • medigraphic.com

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.