ABC Medical Center > Sterility

What is Sterility?

16:31 - 27 April , 2021


It refers to the inability or difficulty of a couple to get a woman pregnant after a year of having sex on a regular basis without using contraception.

Types of sterility

Primary: when the couple has no previous pregnancies. 

Secondary: the couple already has a history of one or more pregnancies.

Sterility can be due to the following factors:

  • Female: cervical anatomical or functional alterations, endometritis, fibroids or benign uterine tumors, alterations in the fallopian tubes, and hormonal imbalances, among others.
  • Male: testicular conditions due to genetic or congenital reasons, or infections, as well as the absence or scarcity of sperm, among others.
  • Immunological or psychological.

Both the female and male factors are usually the same, age, tobacco and alcohol consumption, overweight, low weight, excess or lack of exercise.

How to prevent it

Although infertility does not present any warning signs, you may decrease the chances of its occurrence if you consider the following suggestions: 

  • Avoid having sex with multiple unprotected partners.
  • Maintain healthy habits and a healthy and balanced diet.
  • Prevent any infection.
  • Avoid contracting diseases such as diabetes.
  • Mumps vaccine.

Diagnosis and treatment Sterility

Your ABC doctor will ask you for studies that he or she considers necessary to assess the best alternative for you, which may consist of surgery, infection treatments, hormonal medications, or assisted reproductive techniques.

By means of a sperm analysis (semen collection) the man’s fertilization capacity can be determined and, in the event of a problem, try to find its origin.

Studies in women are more complex because there can be multiple causes and each one needs to be studied.

At ABC Medical Center we have a team of experts in the various branches of gynecology ready to serve you with world-class quality and safety standards, as well as the humane treatment and warmth that characterizes us. Come to us and you will receive the best care available in Mexico and Latin America.

We are pioneers in gynecologic laparoscopy, which allows us to offer you the best treatment options, with shorter hospitalization times, as well as a faster and less painful recovery, taking care of the aesthetic aspect with smaller scars than open surgeries. We offer you robot-assisted gynecologic surgeries, being an even less invasive and more precise procedure that provides benefits such as:

20% of the total robot surgeries of ABC Medical Center correspond to this specialty, which places us as a cutting-edge institution with vast experience and leadership in the field for the benefit of our patients.


  • medlineplus.gov
  • mayoclinic.org
  • fecunmed.com
  • sefertilidad.net 
  • medigraphic.com
  • Llaguno CAÁ. Factores socioepidemiológicos y clínicos presentes en mujeres atendidas en consulta de infertilidad. Revista Cubana de Obstetricia y Ginecología. 2015;41(4):.
  • Herrera FI, Viramontes TG, Guerrero AG. Incidencia de estenosis tubárica proximal en pacientes con esterilidad y valor terapéutico de la histerosalpingografía mediante repermeabilización tubárica en el Hospital General de México. Anales de Radiología México. 2009;8(2):157-161.
  • Arranz-Lara L, Martínez-Lemus H, Ruíz-Ornelas J, et al. Estudio fenomenológico de mujeres estériles con obesidad. Ginecol Obstet Mex. 2010;78(10):547-552.

How can we help you?

    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.