ABC Medical Center > Terminal kidney disease

What is Terminal kidney disease?

16:54 - 3 November , 2023


When the kidneys are unable to filter waste substances and eliminate excess fluid from the body, we are faced with terminal kidney disease, which is the most advanced phase of chronic kidney disease, which consists of progressive loss of kidney physiology.

Among the main causes of kidney disease are:

  • Polycystic kidney disease.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Prostatitis.
  • Cancer.
  • Vesicoureteral reflux.
  • Recurrent pyelonephritis.
  • Diabetes.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Glomerulonephritis.
  • Interstitial nephritis.

Patients with end-stage kidney disease require dialysis or a kidney transplant to save their lives.

Signs and symptoms Terminal kidney disease

  • Nausea.
  • Vomit.
  • Lack of appetite.
  • Tiredness.
  • Weakness.
  • Skin dryness.
  • Itch.
  • Intense thirst
  • Hiccups.
  • Confusion.
  • Swollen feet and ankles.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Headache.
  • Trouble sleeping.
  • Decreased mental capacity.
  • Cramps.
  • Bad breath.
  • Metallic taste.

Diagnosis and treatment Terminal kidney disease

The doctor will analyze your symptoms and medical history, perform a physical examination, and request various tests, including:

  • Blood tests.
  • Urine test.
  • Ultrasound.
  • MRI.
  • Computed tomography.
  • Tissue biopsy.

Treatment options are limited:

  • Dialysis.
  • Kidney transplant.

At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.


  • Ciftci B. Dolor de codo relacionado con el área de acceso vascular: un factor de riesgo importante pero frecuentemente ignorado como causa de discapacidad de las extremidades superiores en pacientes con enfermedad renal en etapa terminal. Rev Nefrol Dial Traspl. 2022;42(3):240-248.
  • Erdem C, Cebeci F. Fiabilidad y validez de la versión turca de la escala de autocuidado para receptores de trasplante renal. Rev Nefrol Dial Traspl. 2022;42(2):117-123.

How can we help you?

    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.