Once the doctor analyzes the symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination and request blood tests to determine the number of red blood cells (color, shape, and size) and analyze the DNA in search of mutated genes.
If one of the parents has thalassemia, prenatal tests can be done to confirm the diagnosis and determine the severity of the thalassemia through:
- Chorionic villus biopsy.
The treatment to follow will depend on the type of thalassemia you suffer from. In moderate to severe cases, the following may be required:
- Regular blood transfusions that over time can lead to an iron buildup in the blood that can have heart and liver consequences, among others.
- Chelation therapy to remove excess iron from the blood, which may be supplemented by oral or intravenous medications.
- Spinal cord and bone marrow transplant from a compatible donor to eradicate continuous blood transfusions and the intake of drugs to control iron overload.
- Removal of the spleen due to damage caused by blood transfusions.
- Surgery to correct skeletal system problems.
At the Pediatric Center we provide specialized care to small patients from the moment of birth until they become adults, through our pediatric care, oncology, neurology, and cardiology services at the level of the best medical centers in the world.