To detect it, your doctor, in addition to analyzing your symptoms and clinical history, will perform a physical examination and request blood tests, genetic tests, and tissue biopsy to detect cancer, as well as tests to determine the size of the tumor, such as ultrasound, MRI, computed tomography, and nuclear medicine.
The treatment to follow depends on the type of cancer, the size of the tumor, if it has spread to other organs, and your general health. Most often, however, surgery is used to remove part or all of the thyroid gland, sometimes along with the neck lymph nodes.
After thyroidectomy, you may require lifelong medications to cover thyroid hormone deficiency, radioactive iodine treatments, chemotherapy, and/or radiation therapy. Tiny tumors may not require treatment but constant medical monitoring to see if there have been no changes.
Unfortunately, thyroid cancer can return, even after surgery or treatment, especially if cancer cells have spread to other areas of the body before the thyroid was removed, such as lymph nodes in the neck, bones, and lungs.
It is important to mention that thyroid surgery can cause infections, bleeding, and damage the parathyroid glands, causing low levels of calcium in the body. It can also affect the nerves connected to the vocal cords, triggering voice abnormalities or breathing problems.
Since its opening in 2009, our Cancer Center offers chemotherapy and radiotherapy treatments at the level of the best medical centers in the world through a comprehensive care model for cancer patients.