ABC Medical Center > Padecimientos > Urinary tract infection

Urinary tract infection

21:54 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Urinary tract infection?

When there is a bacterial invasion in any area of the lower (urethra and bladder) or upper (ureters and kidneys) urinary system, we are facing a urinary tract infection, which women are more likely to suffer, being the most common the one that occurs in the urethra and bladder without serious consequences if treated promptly, otherwise, it can reach the kidneys and cause serious complications.

Symptoms

This type of infection sometimes does not have symptoms in its early stage, but when it does, it includes the following:

  • Urge to urinate.
  • Intense burning during urination.
  • Lack of transparency and intense aroma in the urine.
  • Hematuria manifested with slightly pink or reddish urine.
  • Pain.
  • Significant increase in urination frequency and decrease in the amount of urine.

Urinary tract infections are classified according to the affected area since each one causes different symptoms:

Pyelonephritis (kidneys):

  • Low back pain that is usually directed to one side.
  • High fever.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Tremors.

Cystitis (bladder):

  • Hematuria.
  • Increased urination frequency.
  • Pain and burning when urinating.
  • Pelvic tightness.
  • Pelvic pain.

Urethritis (urethra):

  • Cloudy urine.
  • Burning and discomfort during urination.

A lower urinary tract infection does not usually cause a major problem when treated promptly, otherwise, the consequences can be very serious, such as:

  • Severe kidney damage.
  • Low birth weight in babies.
  • Urethral narrowing in men.
  • Progressive recurrence of infections.
  • Generalized infection leading to septicemia.

This type of infection sometimes does not have symptoms in its early stage, but when it does, it includes the following:

  • Urge to urinate.
  • Intense burning during urination.
  • Lack of transparency and intense aroma in the urine.
  • Hematuria manifested with slightly pink or reddish urine.
  • Pain.
  • Significant increase in urination frequency and decrease in the amount of urine.

Urinary tract infections are classified according to the affected area since each one causes different symptoms:

Pyelonephritis (kidneys):

  • Low back pain that is usually directed to one side.
  • High fever.
  • Nausea and vomiting.
  • Tremors.

Cystitis (bladder):

  • Hematuria.
  • Increased urination frequency.
  • Pain and burning when urinating.
  • Pelvic tightness.
  • Pelvic pain.

Urethritis (urethra):

  • Cloudy urine.
  • Burning and discomfort during urination.

A lower urinary tract infection does not usually cause a major problem when treated promptly, otherwise, the consequences can be very serious, such as:

  • Severe kidney damage.
  • Low birth weight in babies.
  • Urethral narrowing in men.
  • Progressive recurrence of infections.
  • Generalized infection leading to septicemia.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination and request the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:

  • Urine test.
  • Urine culture.
  • Ultrasound.
  • Computed tomography.
  • MRI.
  • Cystoscopy.

The indicated treatment is antibiotics, whose dose and duration will depend on the intensity of the infection and the type of bacteria that causes it.

Also, you can be prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatories to reduce symptoms. If the infection is advanced and has reached the kidneys, you will need to be hospitalized to receive the necessary care.

At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes:

  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • cun.es
  • topdoctors.es
  • cdc.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Martínez-Delgado GH, Garza-Gangemi AM, Castillejos-Molina RA. Infección de vías urinarias después de resección transuretral de vejiga: Microbiología, resistencia antibiótica y factores de riesgo asociados. Rev Mex Urol. 2020;80(4):1-12.
  • Medina-García D, García-Carranza FS. Patrones de resistencia bacteriana en urocultivos de un hospital de Chihuahua, México. Med Int Mex. 2021;37(4):494-505.
  • Guerrero BM, Mercado UMC, Luévanos VA, et al. Escherichia coli y su patrón de resistencia en urocultivos de pacientes pediátricos con infección de vías urinarias en un hospital de tercer nivel. Enf Infec Microbiol. 2017;37(1):14-17.
  • Zapico OCA, Rodríguez CS, Ramírez IC, et al. Factores de riesgo para infección de vías urinarias posterior a cinta medio uretral. Rev Mex Urol. 2020;80(1):1-9.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.