ABC Medical Center > Orthopedic prostheses

What is Orthopedic prostheses?

21:59 - 4 May , 2021

Medical procedure



They are plastic, metal, or resin artifacts whose function is to replace, totally or partially, a limb subjected to amputation. We currently have arm, hand, leg, hip, and foot prostheses, among others, whose main function is to replace the natural limb, covering the same physiological and morphological needs, restoring the mobility and aesthetics required for the patient to lead an independent normal life, improving their posture, balance, and self-esteem.

Regardless of the cause, an amputation means a great loss not only in terms of movement and independence, but also affects the patient psychologically, disrupting their lifestyle, confidence, and self-esteem, so after surgery, in addition to rehabilitation, an orthopedic prosthesis specifically designed to meet the patient’s individual needs is required, allowing it to recover the functionality of its original limb. 

It is necessary to analyze several factors when selecting the optimal prosthesis, such as:

  • Weight, age, and height of the patient. 
  • Patient’s lifestyle and motor needs. 
  • Area and level of amputation.

Prostheses are classified into two types:

  • Stent: they are those installed through surgery and are permanent.
  • Exoprostheses: they are temporary devices that the patient can put on and take off when required. 

In order to determine which is the ideal prosthesis for you, it is essential to correctly diagnose and know your specific needs, and from there, choose the materials and design that best suits you. 

Correctly using an orthopedic prosthesis is not an easy task, it requires the support and advice of experts from various disciplines who teach us how to achieve it. Therefore, it is a joint effort of orthopedists, traumatologists, physical therapists, and psychologists, among other health professionals. 

At the Orthopedics and Traumatology Center we seek to improve the lives of patients restricted or immobilized by musculoskeletal disorders or injuries. We specialize in the care of the locomotor system by integrating the latest medical, biological, and technological advances, in strict adherence to the highest international standards of patient care.

We put our skills and knowledge at your service to provide you and your loved ones with cutting-edge treatments and highly specialized medical care in the following procedures:

We treat injuries such as:

  • Dislocation.
  • Chronic bone and joint diseases.
  • Ligaments.
  • Spinal diseases.
  • Joint replacements.

Related centers and departments:


  • Espasandín GS, Reyes SVO, Martínez BAC, et al. Urgencias por agresión al órgano paraprotésico según características de las prótesis estomatológicas. Revista de Ciencias Médicas de la Habana. 2020;27(2):199-213.
  • Franco FAB, Vivan GA, Procopiak GB, et al. Impacto del uso de prótesis total en la calidad de vida de los ancianos institucionalizados. Rev Cubana Estomatol. 2020;57(1):.
  • Diego-Ball D, Cabal AA. Descripción anatómica del abordaje anterior de cadera: seguridad y efecto para artroplastía total. Acta Ortop Mex. 2020;34(2):123-128. doi:10.35366/95327. 
  • Suárez JC, Forero A, Llinás A, et al. Pares articulares en prótesis primaria de cadera. ¿Existe alguna diferencia?. Acta Ortop Mex. 2020;34(1):22-26. doi:10.35366/94619. 

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    The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.