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Neurology: what does it study and treat?

3 May 2023

To define what neurology is, it should be noted that the term itself comes from the Greek “nerve” and the suffix “study of”.

In this way, it is a medical specialty that studies the anatomy, function, and development of the nervous system made up of the brain, spinal cord, peripheral, and muscle nerves.

If you have questions about this area, continue reading. Below we explain in depth what neurology studies.

What is and what does neurology study?

As for neurology, its meaning not only covers the study of the nervous system but also education and clinical and basic research. For this reason, ABC Medical Center’s Neurology Center is equipped with state-of-the-art technology, plus a multidisciplinary team that focuses on monitoring the patient’s progress.

Among the most common neurological diseases are the following:

  • Dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, and vascular dementia.
  • Stroke: cerebral infarction and hemorrhage.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Parkinson’s disease.
  • Multiple sclerosis.
  • Migraine.
  • Head injuries.

Other degenerative and neuromuscular diseases include amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, muscular dystrophies, dystonias, neuropathies, and myopathies. It is worth saying that these pathologies affect both men and women, but have a higher incidence in the adult population.

Abilities such as movement, memory, language, and thought decrease, preventing them from performing their daily activities.

What does a neurologist do?

A neurologist practices the specialty of neurology. Among its faculties are the attention, study, and analysis of pathologies related to the nervous system. However, neurology focuses on the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of the disease.

While neurosurgery competes with the aforementioned functions, it also includes surgeries. The following stand out among the branches of neurology: neurosurgery, pediatric neurology, and neuropsychology.

Neurology specialties at ABC Medical Center

The team of professionals cares for each patient’s nervous system health. So day after day they are trained to provide their knowledge in the branches described below.

Not surprisingly, ABC Medical Center has been the main venue for some events such as the International Congress of Aphasiology or the International Symposium on Movement Disorders.

  • Neurology.
  • Neurosurgery.
  • Spine surgery.
  • Pediatric neurosurgery.
  • Neurophysiology.
  • Neuro-rehabilitation.
  • Neuropathology.
  • Neuroradiology.
  • Neuropsychology.
  • Neuro-oncology, brain tumors.
  • Neuro-otology.
  • Epilepsy.
  • Parkinson’s and movement disorders.
  • Neuro-ophthalmology.
  • Neuroimaging.

At ABC Medical Center’s Neurology Center, we can provide you with specialized care and answer questions about what neurology is. Contact us!


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    Ricardo Ostos

    Ricardo Ostos

    Content Creator

    Ricardo can convey complex medical information in an accessible and friendly way so that all of our patients can understand and benefit from it. In addition, he has an empathetic approach, offering information and practical advice that really makes a difference in people's lives. #lifebringsustogether.

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