Due to the inability of expression of the person in a coma, their relatives or companions must be prepared to provide the doctors with all the information they need:
- Say the patient’s clinical history, to verify possible previous events that could affect the current coma.
- Previous behavioral and health changes.
- Addictions and drug intake habits.
- Symptoms before the coma episode.
- The way consciousness was lost.
In addition to a thorough physical examination, a series of blood tests will be performed to determine abnormalities in glucose levels, electrolytes, and kidney and liver function, as well as the presence of toxic substances or drugs.
Imaging studies should also be applied to locate the root of the problem, such as MRI, computed tomography, and an electroencephalogram.
The treatment plan is variable and depends on the cause of the coma, so if there is high brain pressure, drugs or procedures should be used to reduce it, if it is a diabetic coma or a brain infection, you can administer the necessary medications to counteract them.
On the other hand, if the coma is due to a drug overdose, convulsive episodes, or underlying diseases, the medications required by the particular case will be prescribed.
When a family member or friend falls into a coma, it is essential to go to the ABC Medical Center Emergency Room to receive immediate medical attention and prevent possible severe complications that can put their life at risk.