It is a parasitic intestinal infection caused by a microscopic parasite called Giardia lamblia, very common in unhygienic places. It usually contaminates the water, whether in rural or urban areas, causing abdominal pain, inflammation, flatulence, liquid diarrhea, and nausea.
In addition to spreading by drinking contaminated water, it is possible to become infected by having contact with someone who is sick or by eating food with the parasite.
Giardiasis typically lasts two to six weeks, but it often leaves long-lasting scars in the gut that take a long time to completely disappear.
Although there are specific drugs against giardiasis, sometimes they do not efficiently eradicate the parasite, so it is more appropriate to take the necessary measures to avoid infection, such as:
- Avoid drinking water of dubious origin or from wild aquifers.
- Disinfect fruits and vegetables.
- Don’t eat raw food.
- Perform hand hygiene continuously, especially after going to the bathroom, changing diapers, or preparing food.
- Drink only purified water.
- Avoid consuming ice.
- Use a condom if you practice anal and oral sex.