Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and medical history, he or she will perform a physical examination and various tests to determine the origin of your heartburn, including:
- Endoscopy: in order to corroborate the presence of irregularities in the esophagus and take a tissue sample to be analyzed.
- Esophagogram: to check the esophagus, stomach, and small intestine, as well as to assess a possible disorder.
- Esophageal manometry: which measures the muscular contractions of the esophagus and if the esophageal sphincter works properly.
- Acid probe: to identify how long stomach acid accumulates in the esophagus.
The treatment consists of relieving heartburn based on the severity of your symptoms, age, and health. Your doctor will usually prescribe a variety of medications, such as antacids, proton pump inhibitors, and H-2 receptor antagonists. Prevention: You can prevent heartburn by adjusting your diet and lifestyle, such as:
- Quitting smoking and reducing alcohol consumption.
- Discarding foods that cause heartburn.
- Using bulky pillows to raise the level of your head when lying down.
- Refraining from large meals, as well as lying down after lunch or dinner.
- Exercising regularly and keeping a healthy weight.
- Eating a light dinner as early as possible.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.