This condition appears when the thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of thyroxine hormone, an imbalance that causes an acceleration in the body’s metabolic processes, mainly causing arrhythmias, tachycardia, and weight loss.
Hyperthyroidism causes vary, but the most common are some conditions that trigger this dysfunction, such as thyroiditis, nodules caused by adenomas, or Plummer’s disease, as well as autoimmune conditions such as Graves’ disease.
The hormones produced in the thyroid play a key role in all of the body’s cells, as they control the processing of proteins, fats, and carbohydrates, calcium blood level, body temperature, and heart rate.
Normally, patients with hyperthyroidism are treated with antithyroid drugs, but if the treatment does not give the expected result, the gland is disabled with radioactive iodine and synthetic hormone is prescribed to regulate the adequate amount for the organism.
In some cases, all or part of the thyroid is surgically removed.
If left untreated, this condition can cause serious complications, but if diagnosed and treated early, it is properly controlled without major problems.