Once your symptoms and medical history are analyzed, your ophthalmologist will perform an eye exam that will include a refraction test, a slit lamp observation, keratometry, tomography, and corneal topography.
The therapeutic approach focuses on correcting visual impairment and slowing down the condition’s progression. The treatment plan is established according to the magnitude of the keratoconus and the speed at which it develops.
If you are in the initial or intermediate stages of keratoconus, the alternative is the prescription of framed glasses or contact lenses, which may be:
- Initial stage:
Framed glasses or soft contact lenses.
- Intermediate stage:
Hard, hybrid, or layered contact lenses.
Scleral lenses. A corneal transplant will be required if it is not enough to correct vision.
Remember that when using hard or scleral contact lenses, you must undergo periodic ophthalmological check-ups to verify that they fit correctly since otherwise, the lenses can cause further damage to the cornea.
In the case of rapid progress, corneal collagen cross-linking is recommended, a procedure that can stop the progress, although it does not correct the damage caused, so it must be combined with other treatments such as the use of glasses.
When the corneal tissue presents abundant scar tissue, making it impossible to wear glasses and the consequent visual improvement, a corneal transplant is the only option.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.