Also known as malaria, malaria is a parasitic infectious disease transmitted by the anopheles mosquito through its bite, causing symptoms similar to those of the flu and anemia.
When infected, the parasites invade the liver through the blood and attack the red blood cells, multiplying in them and destroying them, making the infection more serious.
The symptoms normally appear between a week and a month after contracting the infection, although there are cases in which the parasites stay in the liver for a year and signs of infection do not appear until they attack the red blood cells.
Other forms of malaria transmission include blood transfusions and congenital (from mother to baby).
This condition continues to have a high incidence in countries with tropical and subtropical climates, constituting a danger not only for their inhabitants but also for those who travel to those places.
Every year there are about half a million cases in the world, claiming the lives of more than a million people, because mosquitoes have become resistant to insecticides and parasites to antiparasitic drugs, making it complex to control its spread and reduce the number of victims.
To prevent infection if you travel to places with a high incidence of malaria, you should wear clothing that protects your skin, mosquito repellent, insecticides, and mosquito nets. There are also preventive drugs that you can take to avoid being infected.