Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a physical examination and perform a series of tests to determine the diagnosis, including an audiometry to evaluate your hearing capacity through different sound stimuli, various balance tests such as videonystagmography and evoked potentials, as well as an electrocochleography to know if there is fluid trapped in the inner ear.
They may also order blood tests, CT scans, and MRIs to make sure no other underlying conditions are causing the symptoms.
The treatment plan focuses on controlling symptoms and reducing the frequency of attacks, but it is not possible to reverse the hearing damage. The most used drugs are:
- Drugs to counteract dizziness and nausea.
- Diuretics to prevent fluid retention.
- Gentamicin injected into the ear.
- Steroids injected into the ear.
Similarly, your doctor may recommend vestibular rehabilitation therapy, placement of a hearing aid in the affected ear, and positive pressure therapy. If pharmacological treatments and non-invasive therapies do not give good results and the symptoms are severe and incapacitating, the option is surgery, and procedures such as endolymphatic sac, labyrinthectomy, and vestibular nerve cutting can be recommended.
The latter is the most used because it fulfills the double purpose of solving vertigo problems and preventing hearing capacity deterioration of the damaged ear.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.