Once your ophthalmologist analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a comprehensive eye examination that allows them to visualize the possible retinal detachment. In addition, you can use an ultrasound to support the diagnosis.
The indicated treatment for retinal tears or holes is surgery to prevent them from progressing to detachment, trying to preserve visual capacity:
- Laser photocoagulation: the tissue surrounding the tear is burned so that it heals and adheres to the retina.
- Cryopexy: the torn tissue is frozen to fix the retina.
When the detachment has already occurred, there are several surgical alternatives, among which the following stand out:
- Pneumatic retinopexy: gas is injected to generate a bubble that stops the flow of liquid and the retina is fixed and glued with cryopexy.
- Scleral introflexion: a silicone band is placed to hold the retina.
- Vitrectomy: the tissues that pull the retina are removed and gas is injected to fill the space and keep the retina in place.
Two or more surgeries are usually required to completely repair the injury and restore most of the lost visual capacity, although visual damage can sometimes be irreversible.
At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.