Septicemia

21:55 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Septicemia?

It is a serious condition with a high mortality rate. It appears when the body reacts against a severe infection affecting tissues and organs, so it can cause septic shock, in which blood pressure drops to high-risk levels, producing general organ failure whose outcome is death.  Despite being a pathology with a reserved prognosis, there are chances of survival if septicemia, or sepsis, is treated promptly with various antibiotics and saline solution. Although septicemia occurs more frequently in hospitalized patients, it can actually affect anyone and occur with all kinds of bacterial, viral, or fungal infections, although the most frequent are:
  • Catheter infections.
  • Infected wounds or burns.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Urinary and renal tracts.
  • Gastrointestinal.
  • Bacteremia (infection in the blood).

Symptoms

Septicemia symptoms, in addition to infection, include:
  • Mental confusion.
  • Significant decrease in blood pressure.
  • Difficulty breathing and fast breathing rate. 

The symptoms of septic shock are:

  • Systolic blood pressure drops further, requiring drugs to raise it. 
  • Large amounts of lactic acid in the blood, which implies that there is no proper oxygenation in the body.

Potential risks:

  • Long-term stay in intensive care or hospitalized.
  • Having a catheter for a long time.
  • Being a child or of old age.
  • Have a depressed immune system.
  • Having diabetes.
  • Kidney or liver failure.

Diagnosis and treatment

Diagnosis is directed to the detection of the infectious origin that is causing the symptoms, using blood and urine tests. Also, if there are difficulties in identifying the primary infection, your doctor may order imaging studies such as MRI, X-rays, ultrasound, and CT scans. A timely and intensive treatment is recommended to increase the chances of recovery:
  • Antibiotics: broad spectrum drug combinations are used to try to attack the infection as hard as possible.
  • Vasopressors: these drugs are administered when blood pressure has not reached the required level. It contracts blood vessels causing an increase in blood pressure.
  • Saline solution. 
  • Corticosteroids
  • Painkillers.
In cases where abscesses or gangrenous tissues have formed, a surgical procedure will be necessary to remove them and prevent the infection from spreading.  In the ABC Medical Center Internal Medicine Department, we offer you health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies, from both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes: 

  • bbc.com
  • mayoclinic.org
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • cdc.gov
  • medigraphic.com
  • Aguilar AMF, López AVG, Escalante CA, et al. Eficacia del azul de metileno como coadyuvante en el tratamiento de pacientes con choque séptico. Med Crit. 2016;30(2):102-110.
  • Baizabal-Ramírez O, Negrete-Pérez M, Guerrero-Daza D, et al. Choque séptico por Vibrio vulnificus en las costas del Golfo de México. Rev Med Inst Mex Seguro Soc. 2011;49(4):433-436.
  • Islas DLP, Cardiel ML, Sánchez MÓ. Septicemia neonatal temprana. ¿Cuándo iniciar antibióticos?. Rev Mex Pediatr. 2012;79(1):12-17.
  • Membreño MJP. Fisiopatología de la septicemia: un enfoque molecular. Med Int Mex. 2008;24(4):304-312.

						
The dissemination of the content of this material is for informational purposes only and does not replace, under any circumstance or condition, a consultation with a specialist doctor, for which the ABC Medical Center is not responsible for the different use that may be given to it. If you require more information related to the subject, we suggest you contact the specialist doctor you trust directly.