Vasculitis

21:56 - 4 May , 2021

Disease

What is Vasculitis?

It refers to a group of diseases characterized by blood vessels (arteries and veins) inflammation, which causes a narrowing of the ducts, decreasing the amount of blood that flows through them, with the possible involvement of organs and tissues. There are various types of vasculitis, the causes of which are uncertain, but it is believed to be an autoimmune condition associated mainly with genetics, although it has been found that in some cases it is due to viral infections such as hepatitis B and C, leukemia, and reactions to specific drugs. Vasculitis can be mild or severe, putting the person's life at risk, and appears once or several times in different years. Most frequent types of vasculitis: 
  • Cryoglobulinemia.
  • Henoch-Schönlein purpura.
  • Kawasaki disease.
  • Buerger disease.
  • Behcet disease.
  • Giant cell arteritis.
  • Takayasu's arteritis.

Symptoms

Vasculitis can greatly impair blood flow to tissues throughout the body, causing damage to various organs. So it has varied symptoms:
  • Numbness or weakness in a hand or foot.
  • Tiredness.
  • Bluish color on the fingers and toes.
  • Nasal congestion and pain.
  • Difficulty breathing.
  • Aching joints.
  • High fever.
  • General discomfort.
  • Red spots, nodules, or sores on the skin.
  • Decreased body weight.
  • Coughing fits.
Development of local symptoms concerning the affected organ:
  • Difficulty swallowing.
  • Partial or total loss of vision.
  • Hearing loss
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Chest pain.
  • High blood pressure.
  • Kidney failure.
  • Pulmonary insufficiency.
  • Motor problems.
  • Blood in the urine or stool.
Potential risks:
  • Permanent damage to the structure or function of the compromised area.
  • Tissue infections.
  • Necrosis.

Diagnosis and treatment

Once your doctor analyzes your symptoms and clinical history, they will perform a complete physical examination, will request blood and urine tests, as well as various diagnostic tests, such as: 
  • Angiography.
  • C-reactive protein test.
  • X-rays.
  • MRI.
  • Computed tomography.
  • Ultrasound.
Treatment consists mainly of the administration of various drugs, usually corticosteroids, the dose of which will depend on the degree of involvement of the specific organ. At ABC Medical Center’s Internal Medicine Department, we offer health care services with the highest quality and safety, from the prevention, diagnosis, timely treatment, and monitoring of infectious, respiratory, endocrinological, dermatological, rheumatic, nephrological, gastrointestinal, and hematological pathologies of both chronic-degenerative diseases and acute conditions, through a comprehensive and multidisciplinary model.

Fuentes:

  • rheumatology.org
  • linforeuma.com
  • medlineplus.gov
  • msdmanuals.com
  • topdoctors.com
  • medigraphic.com
  • Gálvez VJF, Martínez OJF, Vásquez BSP, et al. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody associated vasculitis: microscopic polyangiitis. Rev Cub de Reu. 2020;22(Suppl: 1):.
  • Mercado U, Arzola E, Sepúlveda R. Lo que deberías conocer acerca de las vasculitis de vasos pequeños asociadas con ANCA. Med Int Mex. 2021;37(5):827-833.
  • Yeom SJH, Barboza MM, Pérez-Rojas R. Vasculitis primaria del sistema nervioso central: reporte de un caso. Rev Med Cos Cen. 2020;86(630):50-53.
  • Sánchez SS, Navarro BAL, López SEA. Vasculitis IgA en el adulto. Informe de caso. Medisur. 2021;19(1):175-181.

						

Internal Medicine

En Medicina Interna, ofrecemos un servicio de atención médica de prevención, diagnóstico, tratamiento oportuno y seguimiento de patologías infecciosas, respiratorias, endocrinológica, dermatológicas.

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